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Louis XVI style chandelier after Pierre Gouthière

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Louis XVI style chandelier after Pierre Gouthière
$3,400 USD

Louis XVI style six-light chandelier after Pierre Gouthière
Ormolu and blue-enamelled bronze
Circa 1890

A very fine and rare six-light chandelier after the designs of Pierre Gouthière

Pierre-Joseph Désiré Gouthière was the most famous ciseleur-doreur (chaser-gilder) in France in the late 18th century. Artistically inventive and highly skilled, he is known for having developed a process for producing a perfectly mat gilded finish, which he combined with polished gilt surfaces, and sometimes blued steel, on his objects. He made furniture and vase mounts, chandeliers, candelabra, and even coach fittings. He was given the title doreur du roi (the king's gilder) by Louis XV in 1767, and for the next twenty years made many objects for the fashionable royal circle, including the Marquis de Marigny, the Duc d'Aumont, Marie Antoinette's brother-in-law the Comte d'Artois, and Louis XV's mistress, Madame du Barry. In 1778 he supplied the bronze fittings for Marie Antoinette's "Turkish boudoir" at Fontainebleau. Almost nothing of this room remains in situ today, but the fireplace ornaments that Gouthière made for it are in the collection of the Louvre. Gouthière was forced into bankruptcy in 1787, owed 750,000 livres by Madame du Barry for the many years' work he had done for her. She was guillotined in 1793, and Gouthière lived in poverty until about 1813, still trying to recover the debt from her heirs. Among other public collections, objects by Gouthière are in the J. Paul Getty Museum (California), the Wallace Collection (London), and Pavlovsk Palace (Saint Petersburg).

Versions of Gouthière's designs were made during the nineteenth century in France, notably by the firm of Beurdeley. The chandelier on offer is of quite superb quality and, with its goat's heads, flower and fruit sprays and blued elements, it is a faithful expression of Gouthière's style. It is stamped "FG" on the inside of one of the arms (not visible when assembled). These are presumably the maker's initials.

Height 34 in. (86 cm.)
Diameter 19.25 in. (49 cm.)

Condition : Good
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