The Art and Orchid GalleryThe Art and Orchid Gallery
Chinese Jar with Meritorious Brush Over Glaze Enamels

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All Items: Antiques: Regional Art: Asian: Chinese: Stoneware: Pre 1920: item # 1170426

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The Art and Orchid Gallery
7896 SE Peach Way
Jupiter, Florida

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Chinese Jar with Meritorious Brush Over Glaze Enamels
The Art and Orchid Gallery's coverless tea jar is decorated with exemplary over glaze polychrome mixed enamels on an opaque white glaze, white-gray stoneware. It has a hardness of 7 on Mohs scale but is not translucent. [33A, 97B] The Chinese, originally, (Sung Dynasty) were not concerned with translucency.[32C] This jar is covered with a glossy white glaze upon which very fine brush work in mixed enamels expresses the birds and flowers motif. In 12th Century pictorial Chinese art, this theme was called "Hua Niao".[73D] Mixed over glazed enamels were developed in the late 18th Century from the original "Wu Ts'ai" (Five Color) of the Ming Times which, of course, became expanded to the colors the French called 'famille' (verte for green, rose for red, etc.)[73E] Mixed enamels are made by blending the enamels and diluting or thinning them with arsenical white enamel.[32F] Chinese enamelers finely painted these colored oxides with a glassy flux (for adherence) to the white finished white glazed tea jar; then fired them at a low temperature in a muffle kiln. Therefore, they are known as "low-fired enamels", or, in French, "couleurs du petit feu".[32G] The jar has three commonly used Chinese motifs: 1. "Feng Huang", the mythical Chinese Phoenix which shows itself in times of peace and prosperity; 2. "Hua Huang", peony, known as an omen of good fortune which depicted, as here, with large flowers and green leaves; 3. "Prunus", flowering plum trees, with its most common symbolism being long life.[159H, 32I] The jar has a matt orange on the glaze 'China' stamp dating at 1891 or sooner.[48J, 59K] We believe it is Fin de Siecle, late Guangxu, or Empress Dowager, based on the quality of the enameling (R.L. Hobson reported in 1924 a revival of former Chinese ceramic ware skills) and the motifs seem to fit the celebrated Empress Dowager.[195L] There are iron stains in the stoneware, less than half a dozen passed through the glaze. There is no cover. Otherwise the condition is as remarkable as the enameling. References available upon request. Size: ~ 7 1/2" H x 9"; Weight: 1992 grams;

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