China old zitan stick and stand
3 Neanderthal multi-tools on irregular Levallois flakes. From Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights between 2 3/4" and 3 7/8". Legal surface finds. All in excellent condition. A fine grouping of ultra-thin irregular Levallois flakes, each with a variety of different, retouched blade and scraper edges. Beautiful Fontmaure jasper
Neanderthal biface hand axe. Flint, 3 1/4" by 2 1/2". Grand-Pressigny, France. Legal surface find. One small recent chip, slightly visible on left hand photo about 1/3 down on right. Exquisite, smaller hand axe on a soft, grey-brown semi-translucent flint. Beautifully executed lithic, with multiple different tool edges and a highly refined ergonomic form. Lovely axe!
Neolithic blade core from the Grand-Pressigny region, France. Flint, 5 3/8"x 4 1/2". Legal surface find. Beautiful, large and sculptural blade core from the Neolithic period on the famous, caramel colored Grand-Pressigny region flint. Excellent condition. Dating to approximately 5000 BCE.
4 Mesolithic tools from South Wiltshire, England. All legal surface finds. Beautiful, variegated flint, heights between 1 7/8" and 2 1/2". All in excellent condition. These tools represent a number of different tools: on the left a backed concave and convex scraper with 2 burins, next a convex scraper on a flake, third is a double blade with traces of cortex, and on the right a burin with 2 denticulate or saw edges.
3 Mesolithic/Neolithic scrapers from Manor Farm, Eccles Road, Quindenham, Norfolk, Norwich, England. From an auction lot of a large group of archaeological finds from Manor Farm. Flint, heights between 1 3/4" and 2". Excellent condition. 3 beautifully crafted smaller scrapers on gem-like, lustrous glossy black flint. Lovely group.
A group of 5 German Neolithic blades. I purchased these as part of an old German collection. No further information on them other than that they were found at a site on the Kleiner Ploner See (Little Ploner Lake) in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Flint, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 7/8". One minor chip on the 2nd blade from the right in the photo, otherwise intact. Lovely gem-like patina on beautifully colored flint. These are Neolithic blades.
5 Danish Mesolithic blades from the Ertebolle-Ellerbek ("Kitchen Midden") culture. Legal surface finds. Flint, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 3/8". All in excellent condition, one with truncation, indicating it may have been an inset sickle blade with a wooden handle. Nice variety of blade edges, expertly retouched by the tool maker. Very beautiful, variegated and multi-colored flint. Date to 5300-3900 BCE
4 different flake tools found at Manor farm, Eccles Road, Quindenham, Norwich, Norfolk, England. From an auction lot of a large group of Manor farm archaeological finds. Flint, heights between 1 7/8" and 2 1/2". All in excellent condition. Nice variety of tools comprised of burins and scrapers. 3 on a fine, smoky-black flint, one on a variegated grey-brown flint. Gem-like patina.
3 tiny and attractive Neolithic discoid scrapers, found at Manor Farm, Eccles Road, Quindenham, Norwich, Norfolk, England. From an auction purchase of a large group of material from Manor Farm. Flint, heights between 1" and 1 1/4". Excellent, gem-like examples of micro-scrapers on beautiful smoky black and brown flint. Date to approximately 5000 BCE.
A group of 6 Danish Mesolithic blades from the Ertebolle-Ellerbek ("Kitchen Midden") culture. Flint, lengths between 2" and 3 1/4". The largest blade has a chip at the proximal end. All others are intact. All have retouched edges, making for a variety of blade or sickle type tools. Beautiful, variegated and semi-translucent flint. Dating to 5300-3900 BCE.
3 fine Neanderthal tools, one a blade with a burin and 2 multi-tools with various scraper edges. Fontmaure, France, jasper, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 3/8". Legal surface finds, all in excellent condition. Lovely patina on these 3. Approximately dating to 50,000 BCE.
3 Neanderthal tools, a backed blade on the left, a straight scraper center, and a multi-tool on the right. From Fontmaure, France. Heights between 2 3/8" and 2 5/8". All legal surface finds, in excellent condition with no modern damage. Beautiful examples of the famous Fontmaure jasper, and excellent examples of master tool making. Dating to approximately 80,000-50,000 BCE.
Two lovely Neanderthal convergent scrapers with burins. Fontmaure, France, jasper, heights 2 1/4" and 2 1/2". Excellent condition with no modern damage. Purchased at auction with no collection data. "Convergent" scraper refers to the worked scraper edges converging on a point, usually but not always resulting in a burin. The burin was an important tool during the Paleolithic as it was frequently employed to score bones and obtain bone marrow, a vital source of iron...
4 Neanderthal multi-tools on flakes, Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights between 1 7/8" and 2 1/4". All are legal surface finds. Flake tools are tools made on flakes struck off a pebble and then further refined into the desired tool. In the case of these 4 tools a number of various working edges were made on each tool. Approximately dating to 50,000 BCE.
Neanderthal partial biface multi-tool, flint, height 5 1/4". Excellent condition with fine, variegated patina. Large and very boldly constructed tool, with a prominent burin. This is a bit difficult to classify, but was obviously a multi-tool with a wide variety of functions. Given its size and weight I would imagine it was used to score and crack open large bones to extract bone marrow, an important source of iron at the time. Dates to 80,000-50,000 BCE...
Neolithic hammer stone, flint, height 2 1/4". Fine and intact example of a hammer stone, the tool used to make stone tools. Excellent condition, showing all-over work patina. This came from an old English collection, I have no source data on it. I would estimate it to date to 4500-3500 BCE.
Neanderthal partial biface hand axe, flint, height 3 13/16". Elegant handaxe in flawless condition, with fine patina. Found in a dried ancient riverbed of the Creuse River near Grand-Pressigny, France. This axe probably dates back to somewhere around 250,000 BCE.