3 Neanderthal multi-tools on irregular Levallois flakes. From Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights between 2 3/4" and 3 7/8". Legal surface finds. All in excellent condition. A fine grouping of ultra-thin irregular Levallois flakes, each with a variety of different, retouched blade and scraper edges. Beautiful Fontmaure jasper
Neanderthal biface hand axe. Flint, 3 1/4" by 2 1/2". Grand-Pressigny, France. Legal surface find. One small recent chip, slightly visible on left hand photo about 1/3 down on right. Exquisite, smaller hand axe on a soft, grey-brown semi-translucent flint. Beautifully executed lithic, with multiple different tool edges and a highly refined ergonomic form. Lovely axe!
Neolithic blade core from the Grand-Pressigny region, France. Flint, 5 3/8"x 4 1/2". Legal surface find. Beautiful, large and sculptural blade core from the Neolithic period on the famous, caramel colored Grand-Pressigny region flint. Excellent condition. Dating to approximately 5000 BCE.
4 Mesolithic tools from South Wiltshire, England. All legal surface finds. Beautiful, variegated flint, heights between 1 7/8" and 2 1/2". All in excellent condition. These tools represent a number of different tools: on the left a backed concave and convex scraper with 2 burins, next a convex scraper on a flake, third is a double blade with traces of cortex, and on the right a burin with 2 denticulate or saw edges.
3 Mesolithic/Neolithic scrapers from Manor Farm, Eccles Road, Quindenham, Norfolk, Norwich, England. From an auction lot of a large group of archaeological finds from Manor Farm. Flint, heights between 1 3/4" and 2". Excellent condition. 3 beautifully crafted smaller scrapers on gem-like, lustrous glossy black flint. Lovely group.
A group of 5 German Neolithic blades. I purchased these as part of an old German collection. No further information on them other than that they were found at a site on the Kleiner Ploner See (Little Ploner Lake) in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Flint, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 7/8". One minor chip on the 2nd blade from the right in the photo, otherwise intact. Lovely gem-like patina on beautifully colored flint. These are Neolithic blades.
5 Danish Mesolithic blades from the Ertebolle-Ellerbek ("Kitchen Midden") culture. Legal surface finds. Flint, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 3/8". All in excellent condition, one with truncation, indicating it may have been an inset sickle blade with a wooden handle. Nice variety of blade edges, expertly retouched by the tool maker. Very beautiful, variegated and multi-colored flint. Date to 5300-3900 BCE
4 different flake tools found at Manor farm, Eccles Road, Quindenham, Norwich, Norfolk, England. From an auction lot of a large group of Manor farm archaeological finds. Flint, heights between 1 7/8" and 2 1/2". All in excellent condition. Nice variety of tools comprised of burins and scrapers. 3 on a fine, smoky-black flint, one on a variegated grey-brown flint. Gem-like patina.
3 tiny and attractive Neolithic discoid scrapers, found at Manor Farm, Eccles Road, Quindenham, Norwich, Norfolk, England. From an auction purchase of a large group of material from Manor Farm. Flint, heights between 1" and 1 1/4". Excellent, gem-like examples of micro-scrapers on beautiful smoky black and brown flint. Date to approximately 5000 BCE.
A group of 6 Danish Mesolithic blades from the Ertebolle-Ellerbek ("Kitchen Midden") culture. Flint, lengths between 2" and 3 1/4". The largest blade has a chip at the proximal end. All others are intact. All have retouched edges, making for a variety of blade or sickle type tools. Beautiful, variegated and semi-translucent flint. Dating to 5300-3900 BCE.
5 micro-tools from Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights between 1 1/2" and 2". All legal surface finds in excellent condition. Beautifully crafted micro-tools on gem-like jasper. The use of these tools is not clear- they may have had medical use, or very refined work, or they may have been used by children. Approximately dating to 50,000 BCE.
3 fine Neanderthal tools, one a blade with a burin and 2 multi-tools with various scraper edges. Fontmaure, France, jasper, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 3/8". Legal surface finds, all in excellent condition. Lovely patina on these 3. Approximately dating to 50,000 BCE.
3 Neanderthal tools, a backed blade on the left, a straight scraper center, and a multi-tool on the right. From Fontmaure, France. Heights between 2 3/8" and 2 5/8". All legal surface finds, in excellent condition with no modern damage. Beautiful examples of the famous Fontmaure jasper, and excellent examples of master tool making.
Two lovely Neanderthal convergent scrapers with burins. Fontmaure, France, jasper, heights 2 1/4" and 2 1/2". Excellent condition with no modern damage. Purchased at auction with no collection data. "Convergent" scraper refers to the worked scraper edges converging on a point, usually but not always resulting in a burin. The burin was an important tool during the Paleolithic as it was frequently employed to score bones and obtain bone marrow, a vital source of iron...
4 Neanderthal multi-tools on flakes, Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights between 1 7/8" and 2 1/4". All are legal surface finds. Flake tools are tools made on flakes struck off a pebble and then further refined into the desired tool. In the case of these 4 tools a number of various working edges were made on each tool. Approximately dating to 50,000 BCE.
Neanderthal partial biface multi-tool, flint, height 5 1/4". Excellent condition with fine, variegated patina. Large and very boldly constructed tool, with a prominent burin. This is a bit difficult to classify, but was obviously a multi-tool with a wide variety of functions. Given its size and weight I would imagine it was used to score and crack open large bones to extract bone marrow, an important source of iron at the time. Dates to 80,000-50,000 BCE...
Neolithic hammer stone, flint, height 2 1/4". Fine and intact example of a hammer stone, the tool used to make stone tools. Excellent condition, showing all-over work patina. This came from an old English collection, I have no source data on it. I would estimate it to date to 4500-3500 BCE.
Neanderthal partial biface hand axe, flint, height 3 13/16". Elegant handaxe in flawless condition, with fine patina. Found in a dried ancient riverbed of the Creuse River near Grand-Pressigny, France. This axe probably dates back to somewhere around 250,000 BCE.