A great small Japanese vase. Its tactile surface earns it the name 'sharkskin', but it also is known by the trade name 'Coralene'. It is produced by a kiln-firing process involving special fluxes, so was expensive. Due to its cost, Japanese sharkskin porcelain was made only for a short time circa the late 19th century.
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The writing on the base is a monopoly patent mark of the artist Chubei Takeuchi (also rendered as Chiubei Takeuchi and sometimes with Takeuchi first), who was active in the second half of the 19th century. See the link below for a wealth of information regarding him, as well as the patent markings.
Essentially, the two bold characters at the top of the mark are read from the right as 'Exclusive Permit'. The next line down is the patent number, which I also would read from the right as '2252515'. The bold vertical stack of three characters reads down as 'Made by Takeuchi'. I believe the three smaller characters to its right probably are the Japanese phonetic notations for this line in the mark.
My research on the subject suggests these patent marks came into use circa 1885, after the establishment of the first Japanese Patent Office. I think there were changes to the patent law in Japan when the USA implemented labelling requirements under the McKinley Tariff Act in 1890. If this assumption is correct, then yours and other such vases with these markings probably date to between 1885-1890.
(Thanks to the Asian art forum)
Condition: Excellent condition. Measurement: 12.2 cm = 4.8 in