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Imperial Qianlong seal mark on famille rose enamel beehive brush washer, but early Republic of China 1920s. Lovely landscape scene with 4 scholars intently examining a manuscript in a mountain setting. Excellent detail with fine individual hair showing on the beards. Red seal mark typical of the period.
5.8" diameter and standing 3" high. Fine condition with no flakes,chips, lines or repairs. A rare find today, harder to find than Qing. See my similar brush holder now listed.
Notes. 1) Beginning in the late 19th century and flowering to a zenith in the 30's, the porcelain industry in China enticed traditional literati artists to paint on porcelain as a new medium. The style is a direct carryover of brush paintings. But the medium is incredibly more difficult for artists. Ink flows effortlessly from the brush to paper. But enamel flows like molten glass! It is not an easy transition.
At the time, old craftsmen and old materials were still available from the kilns which produced for the Qing palace under contract. The nouveau riche tycoons of the day commissioned special porcelain for occasions much as the imperial household did. They competed with one another for the "best" and the most expensive. See an example of these occasional porcelain in my listing #412234 for a birthday vase.