17th c. - Kyoto Rakuchu Rakugai screen
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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Asian: Japanese: Paintings: Pre 1700: Item # 1188761
76-16 Tenno-cho, Okazaki, Sakkyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8335
|Rakuchu rakugai refers to the areas within Kyoto (rakuchu, inside the capital) and its vicinity (rakugai, outside the capital). This smaller 17th century rakugai screen shows a view of Western Kyoto centered on Nijo Castle which is surrounded by blocks of row houses and an assortment of famous places. From Nijo Castle in the center of the screen we have Nishihongaji at the far left corner, Toji temple and pagoda above it and up to the Arashiyama river. From there across to the top of the far right screen where we have Kinkakuji, or the Golden Pavilion. The large temple complex below it is Daitokuji and again, below that, in the middle of the right panel we have Kuramadera in the extreme north of Kyoto. Along Horikawa street, in front of the castle, the parade of ox drawn carts depicts a Shogunal procession. Victorious and politically ascendant after the battle of Sekigahara in 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu put his mark on Kyoto and built Nijo Castle. The castle never served any military purpose, rather functioning as a residence for the shogun and his family when they were in Kyoto. The earliest known representation of the rakuchu rakugai with Nijo Castle taking a dominant position on the left screen are the Shokoji screens in Toyama and the Yamaoka screens held in the Kyoto National Museum. Both date to the early 17th century. The screen being presented here is modeled most closely on the Western Shokokuji screen. The screen is is good condition and displays very well. The reconditioned brocade is very old and beautiful although it is showing signs of age. Ink, pigment and gofun on gold leaf. 110'' across and 48'' high (280 by 122 cm).|