This 19th century enameled tray was made in Damascus or Aleppo Syria using a Cuerda Seca style enameling which is done in the following manner: The design is stamped or carved into the surface after which colored glazes are applied. The contours of the designs are detailed with a mixture of beeswax or vegetable fat and manganese oxide. During the firing, the wax or fat burns away producing contours of red or black that also prevent the differently-colored glazes from running into one another. This technique was created during the Seljuk (14th-15th C.) period in Persia, (modern Iran and Iraq) and eventually made it's way via Syria, Turkey, Greece, and Italy to Spain where it is used extensively in tile and pottery making even today. There are some minor enamel losses, but considering the age of the tray, it is in quite good shape with minor losses on one edge as shown. This Charming piece measures 12" across and weighs 3 pounds.