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Pair of Italian Baroque Giltwood Mirrors c. 1691

Pair of Italian Baroque Giltwood Mirrors c. 1691


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Directory: Antiques: Pre 1700: Item # 302431

Please refer to our stock # 5779 when inquiring.
Antiquarian Traders
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303 S. Robertson Blvd.
Beverly Hills, California 90211
323-233-4633

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 $250,000.00 
This spectacular matching pair of 17th C. mirrors is over 400 years old. Provenance: These magnificent pieces were commissioned as a wedding present for Prince Johann Wilhelm Joseph Van Der Pfalz Elector of the Palantine and Princess Anna Maria Luisa Dei Medici of Tuscany Florence Italy. Each mirror is the same size but has different motifs representing both sides of the marriage. Adrian Van Der Werff (1659-1722) completed and delivered them in June 1691. Each is carved with objects symbolizing the qualities and attributes of the couple. His mirror depicts a peace trophy for Ceres the Goddess of Peace and Prosperity. The frame also includes a chain for the Order of the Golden Fleece which the Prince was elected to as a Knight in 1685 and vested by the Emperor in 1696. Hers depicts a medallion chain with portraits of the family of the Princess. Other elements include the lily symbolizing the flower of Florence and the balls on the shield representing the Medici family the ruling entity in central Italy. Adriaen van der Werff (1659–1722) Adriaen van der Werf was an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff (1661–1722), was his principal pupil and assistant. At the age of ten he started to take lessons, two years later moving in with Eglon van der Neer, specializing in clothes and draperie. At the age of seventeen he founded his own studio in Rotterdam where he later became the head of guild of Saint Luc. In 1696, he was paid a visit by Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine and his wife, Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici. The couple ordered two paintings to be sent to Cosimo III of Tuscany, Anna Maria Luisa's father, in Florence. During the next years Van der Werff traveled regularly between Düsseldorf and his home town. In 1703, he became the official court painter and a knight, when his former teacher and predecessor Van der Neer died. Van der Werff, with a perfect technique, was paid extremely well by the Elector for his biblical or classical (erotic) paintings. In 1705, he painted a portrait of Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1716, he lost his job when the Elector died because the treasury was empty. Van der Werff became one of the most lauded Dutch painters of his day, gaining a European reputation and an enormous fortune. Arnold Houbraken, writing in 1718, considered him the greatest of the Dutch painters and this was the prevailing critical opinion throughout the 18th century: however, his reputation suffered in the 19th century, when he was alleged to have betrayed the Dutch naturalistic tradition. In the Victorian Age people could not appreciate his art, so most of his work went into the cellars of the Alte Pinakothek. Van der Werff also practiced as an architect in Rotterdam, where he designed a few houses. Dimensions: 69"H x 57"W