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Mayan Copador Chief Bowl with Mythical Creatures

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Americas: Pre Columbian: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1290357
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This interesting piece is a Mayan "Copador" bowl that dates circa 600-900 A.D. The term "Copador" is a blend of "Copan" and El Salvador", which refer to both of these regions. This piece is approximately 8.2 inches in diameter, by 3 inches high. This piece is intact, with no repair/restoration, and has vibrant dark red, orange, and black colors. This piece also has some attractive and extensive root marking, and some spotty black and brown mineral deposits. Overall, this piece is in it's pristine "as found" condition. This piece also has four pairs of seated chiefs, who are seen facing a mythical animal that closely resembles a dog. Each of these mythical animals have a speaking scroll that comes forth from it's mouth, and appear to have a conversation with their facing seated chiefs. There is a dark red band seen at the upper rim, and the inside of this interesting vessel has four "Glyph Groups" that are seen on the inner rim, along with a red banded "Mat" symbol that is seen on the inner bottom surface. This "Mat" symbol, which is also described as a "JAL" symbol, is a Mayan symbol that denotes royalty, and also referred to finely-woven garments worn by royalty. This bowl likely was owned by an important individual, and Mayan bowls of this type may each have had an individual purpose as an offering in the tomb of an important individual. (For the "JAL" sign see: "Reading Maya Art", by Andrea Stone and Marc Zender, Thames and Hudson, 2011, p. 81.) In addition, the four "Glyph Groups" seen on the inner rim have two groups that contain the Mayan glyph symbol for "13", as denoted by three dots and two bars. The Maya worshipped the thirteen gods of the Upper World, who ruled over the thirteen "layers" or "skies" into which the Upper World was divided. The third "Glyph Group" is a glyph with a speaking scroll, and the fourth "Glyph Group" are two identical glyphs that are seen one above the other. Overall, this is a very interesting Mayan bowl in excellent condition that has glyphs that appear to have meaning and/or are partly decipherable, and are not purely "pseudo-glyphs", as is the case as seen on most bowls of this type. Ex: Howard Rose collection, New York, circa 1980's Ex: Private New York collection. I certify that this piece is authentic as to date, culture, and condition: