The Art and Orchid GalleryThe Art and Orchid Gallery
Early Qajar Suratgari Miniature with Calligraphy

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Middle Eastern: Paintings: Pre 1920: item # 1200838

Please refer to our stock # 511AOG when inquiring.

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The Art and Orchid Gallery
7896 SE Peach Way
Jupiter, Florida

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Early Qajar Suratgari Miniature with Calligraphy
The Art and Orchid Gallery's two-sided framed figural (suratgari) [108A] is a 19th Century hand painted Persian miniature in gouache [8B] on hand made paper emphasizing the hand written calligraphy that is exhibited in the front in outlined boxed sections along with the larger suratgari.[PMC] The back is a large window of framed, matted calligraphy, probably a poem, on the rear of the same gouache painting. This suratgari subject was very common for Persian miniatures...... Royal Magnificence, a prince or Mirza, receiving and entertaining guest dignitaries.[110D, 108E] Although one can find examples of this type of ink and watercolor in the Zand Period (1750-79) manuscripts [110D, 219F], it is very common in the Safavid Period (1501-1722). That is, paintings with multiple small figures in balanced soft colors depicted in curved forms are contrasted with strong geometric lines of highly detailed tile architecture. Due to the European influence, Persian paintings changed in the Qajar Period to softer, nondescript backgrounds and single portraits of politically important or wealthy patrons for album (Muraqqa) formats.[219G] There is still the incredible detail once associated formally only with architecture (as in our suratgari miniature) but now covering the clothing, jewels, pillows, rugs, etc. of the portrait subject.[219H] of the Qajar Period. Therefore, if our miniature, made with detailed gouache Kashi-Kari (tile work), was produced in the 19th Century Qajar (as repudiated from its supplier), it certainly was copying the style of an earlier Persian Period. The art is displayed in a silvered bundle-of-rods frame with mats holding the two-sided manuscript page in place[152I] under plexiglas. There are two paper tears (1/4" x 1/8" on Kashi-Kari work; and 1/8" x 1/8" on grass). They are seen when viewed by transmitted light (see photo). References available upon request. Sizes: Painting: ~10 1/2" H x 6 1/2"; Calligraphy: ~ 11 1/4" H x 7"; Frame: ~ 17 1/2" x 13 3/8"; Weight: ~ 3 pounds;

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