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Henri Manguin (1874 – 1949)

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Directory: Fine Art: Paintings: Oil: Europe: French: Pre 1950: item # 1026521

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Henri Manguin (1874 – 1949)
“FLOWERS & APPLES” oil on canvas 21.75” x 25.75” Henri Manguin is considered one of the founding father of Fauvism. He was born in Paris on March 23, 1874. Fatherless at the age of six years he was reared with his sister by his mother. At age 15 he decided to stop his education and devote himself to painting. Four years later, he left home and moved to Montmartre. Late in 1894 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts to study under Gustave Moreau. He became good friends with his fellow students Albert Marquet, Henri Matisse and Jean Puy who were among those later to be labeled the Fauves when they exhibited together at the Salon d'Automne in 1905 and gave the Salon d'Automne in particular such a distinctive character, countering the austerity of Cubism with the vision of a joyously colored world . In that same year he exhibited at the gallery Druet, and then with Vollard. Like his companions, Manguin made copies of Renaissance art in the Louvre. Manguin was very much influenced by impressionism as seen in his use of bright pastel hues. He married in 1899 and subsequently composed numerous portraits of his wife, Jeanne and their three children. In 1902 Manguin had his first exhibit at the Salon des Independants and d'Automne. Many of his paintings were of Mediterranean landscapes and represented the height of his career as a Fauve artist. He traveled extensively with Albert Marquet throughout Southern Europe. It was in 1904 that Manguin discovered Saint-Tropez. He was struck by the light and beauty of the vegetation and is known to have created several major works there. He later returned to Europe where he spent much of his time in France. The “Salon d'Automne” of 1909, was presented by Manguin and hailed by the critics. He also went on to exhibit abroad at Russia's international exhibition, the Venice Biennale and in the United States. In 1949 returned to Saint-Tropez and died there the same year at the age of 75. His work can be found in the collection of many museums around the world including Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia, Musee d’Orsa, Paris France, Musee des Augustins, Toulouse, France, Palazzo Ruspoli, Rome, Italy and Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madris, Spain


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