Shabti of a Priest from Heracleopolis Magna Sematauitefnakht
Egypt, Late Period, XXX Dynasty, 378 - 341 B.C.
Shabti for the Priest Sematauitefnakht. The shabti of Sematauitefnakht is very rare because only few monuments from Heracleopolis are known. The shabti has a T-shaped inscription which continues on the back pillar: "(1) Illuminating of Osiris, Elder of Herishef, (2) scribe, god's sealer of Herishef, god's servant of the phyle, scribe (3) of Osiris and Isis, lords of northern Abydos, Sematauitefnakht, born of Nebetkereh."
The name Sematauitefnakht ("The unifier of the two lands is his strength") is well attested for the Late Period (cf. Ranke, Personennamen, p. 296 no. 13). Semataui ("The unifier of the two lands") was a falcon-headed local god of Heracleopolis Magna who is of identified with Horus. Actually, Horus appeared also as Harsomthus "Horus, who unites the two lands".
The Sematauitefnakht discussed here is hitherto unknown. He bears many priestly titles connected with Heracleopolis Magna. He was Elder, god's servant, scribe and god's sealer of Herishef. Herishef ("he who is on his lake") was a local deity of Heracleopolis (Ihnasiy al-Medina), the capital of the 20th. Upper Egyptian nome at the entrance to the Fayum.
The Elders were responsible for jurisdiction and the administration of the temple. The Elders were chosen from the god's servants to whom Sematauitefnakht belonged too. The god's servants were priests at the temple who exercised the cult for the god permanently. The god's sealer and scribes were responsible for the administration of the temple.
Sematauitefnakht was also god's servant and scribe for Osiris and Isis in "northern Abydos", the name of the necropolis of Abusir el-Melek in the north of Heracleopolis (Mokhtar 1983, 114-116). Abusir el-Melek was a cemetery of Heracleopolis which more than 22 km far away from the nome capital.
At Heracleopolis, a cemetery of the Third Intermediate Period was found which was also used at the beginning of the 26th. dynasty (Perez-Die 1998, 2009).
Sematauitefnakht was probably buried at Heracleopolis or Abusir el-Melek.
Size: 12.3 cm H.
- Ex- Private English collection.
Price: 1450 euros.