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Monumental volute-krater, Herakles and bull of crete!

Monumental volute-krater, Herakles and bull of crete!

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Greek: Pottery: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1248917
J. Bagot Arqueología - Ancient Art
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TITLE: Monumental volute krater CULTURE: Greek, Magna Graecia. PERIOD: IV century b.C. MATERIAL: Pottery DIMENSIONS: 86 cm in height, 52 cm de diameter between the volutes. PRICE: On request PROVENANCE: Old private Belgian collection. CONDITIONS: Repaired from original fragments, without faults or repainting. SUPORTING DOCUMENTS: Provided of Termoluminisence test, cultural export license and art loss register certificate. DESCRIPTION: Monumental volute krater in pottery, painted in the so-called red-figure technique. It is depicting the scene of the Herakles against the bull of Crete. The piece is important and has its relevance because of the big number of figures that appear on the main composition and the mythological scene of Herakles against the bull of Crete, apart from its big dimensions and quality. The body of the obverse or side A is divided in two registers, the upper with an assembly of the gods and woman, from right to left there is a Satyr, a seated Aphrodite holding a mirror with the young Eros next to her, Hera, seated on a throne, then two woman one seated and one standing holding a fan, an alabastron and a box as woman’s toilet instruments. In the lower register, from right to left there is a Athena seated to the left, wearing a peplos and an aegis and a crested Corinthian helmet, a spear in her left and, below her there is a shield. There is a flying Nike, crowning the Herakles in the center of the scene represented naked fighting the bull of Crete painted in white. All the arms and attributes of the hero Herakles are around the fight, the quiver, the club, and the skin of the Nemea lion. Looking at the fight there is the king Minos, with a white hair and beard represented as a old man, seated and holding a scepter, next to him there is the figure of Hermes, with winged sandals and holding a caduceus and a cap next to a tree trunk. In the side B of the krater there is a large naiskos with acanthus plant on the center of the composition. There are four figures, two women and two men naked crossed in a festive manner. They are wearing floral crowns and boxes, mirrors, shields and timpaniums. On both sides of the krater, under the handles, there is decoration of big palmettes divided in two sections. In the A side of the neck we find the face of a woman in white painting on the center accompanied of floral decoration with curled branches in red and white and leaves or flowers. On the side B of the neck there is also palmettes decoration. The big handles of the piece turned into two volutes with molded gorgon heads which are white in one side and red on the other. There are also molded duck heads on the shoulders framing the handles. BIBLIOGRAPHY - MAYO, M. ed. The Art of South Italy, Vases from Magna Graecia. Richmond, 1982, no. 73. - A.D. Trendall and A. Cambitoglou. First Supplement to the Red-Figured Vases of Apulia.London, 1983, no. 28/86b, pls. XXXIII,2 and XXXIV,2. - A.D. Trendall. Red Figure Vases of South Italy and Sicily. London, 1989, no. 268.

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