TITLE: Seated figure CULTURE: Jalisco, Western Mexico PERIOD: 200 - 900 AD MATERIAL: Terracotta DIMENSIONS: Height 22.5 cm; width 13 cm REF: 20142139 PRICE: 3,000 Euros PROVENANCE: Private collection of I. Lassaleta, Barcelona, established in the 1970s.PUBLICATIONS: Catalogue for the exhibition in the Fundació Caixa Girona, “Ceràmiques dels déus”, pag 46. EXHIBITIONS: Exhibition in the Fundació Caixa Girona, “Ceràmiques dels déus”, 23 November 2006 to 14 January 2007. CONDITION: In a good state of preservation. DESCRIPTION: A terracotta figure of a person squatting with knees separated reaching up to the level of the chest. The crossed arms rest on the knees, the right arm lying over the left one. The markedly disproportional representation of the elements of the piece is typical of this culture. The hands, in contrast to the feet, are roughly and schematically depicted.
The face follows the canons of Jalisco work, with a long, prominent nose, a large mouth and open eyes with an almond shape. In general the large facial features, along with the ears, are out of proportion to the size of the head.
The cultures that developed in this area, as well as in the states of Jalisco and Nayarit between the years 200 B.C. and 600 A.D., are considered part of the same cultural current due to the connections and similarities in their funeral practices, for example, their shaft tombs and their artistic production, especially their pottery.
The cultures of the west of Mexico stand out above other pre-Columbian cultures for their vast production of ceramics of unequalled quality and variety. These pieces were to form part of the grave goods of a deceased person, and it is for this reason that they have been found almost exclusively in tombs. This factor has been decisive for their conservation up to the present time, and has meant that they are practically all intact and looking much as when they were originally produced.
The spectrum of types and motives represented in the ceramics of the cultures of Colima, Nayarit and Jalisco is very wide. The pieces have been of great use in widening knowledge of the traditions and practices of these Mesoamerican peoples.