CULTURE: Anatolia, Turkey
PERIOD: Early Bronze Age II, c. 2.700 - 2.300 B.C.
DIMENSIONS: Height 11.3 cm.
PRICE: 7.500 euros
PROVENANCE: A private collection, Europe, acquired in 1980.
CONDITION: In a perfect state of preservation. Intact.
An anthropomorphic idol of the type Kusura-Beycesultan cut from marble. It is characterized by its fine abstract form and strong contours. It suggests a human form through the use of rectilinear and curved elements. The body is a simple circle, the form bringing to mind that of shields. There are two sharp-pointed shoulders pointing outward at the level of the end of the neck. This is long and narrows as it reaches up to the head.
Idols of the Kusara type, defined by Colin Renfrew and so called for the site of the same name in the southeast zone of Anatolia. They have always been found in burial sites, and this indicates that they are pieces of ritual and religious significance.
The region of Anatolia, also called Asia Minor, is a peninsula and nowadays forms the Asian part of Turkey. It is bounded by the Black Sea to the north, the chain of the Tauros Mountains to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara to the west. The Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits separate Anatolia from the European mainland.
In Ancient Greece the western part of the peninsula was called Asia, and this name was later extended to the whole of the continent. For this the peninsula came to be known as Asia Minor.
As Anatolia is such a mountainous region it has been the successive military stronghold of various peoples. Among others there was Troy, the Hittite Empire, the kingdoms of Phrygia and Lydia, the Armenian kingdom of Cilicia, the Byzantine Empire, The Seleucid Empire and the Ottoman Empire. As well as these, Greek, Armenian, Turkish, Assyrian, Arab, Jewish people, among others have also occupied the region.