TITLE: The head of an idol
CULTURE: Anatolia, Turkey
PERIOD: Kiliya type, Chalcolithic or early Bronze Age, c. 3200 - 2700 BC
MATERIAL: White marble
DIMENSIONS: Height 3 cm
PRICE: 700 Euros
CONDITION: In a good state of preservation
A head belonging to a Kiliya type idol. This is a type of female idol found in Anatolia, with schematised anatomy and a head which stands out for its size and original conception, more horizontal than vertical and with a with a stylized, almost triangular, ovoid form.
They have always been found in burial sites, and this indicates that they are pieces of ritual and religious significance.
The region of Anatolia, also called Asia Minor, is a peninsula and nowadays forms the Asian part of Turkey. It is bounded by the Black Sea to the north, the chain of the Tauros Mountains to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara to the west. The Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits separate Anatolia from the European mainland.
In Ancient Greece the western part of the peninsula was called Asia, and this name was later extended to the whole of the continent. For this the peninsula came to be known as Asia Minor.
As Anatolia is such a mountainous region it has been the successive military stronghold of various peoples. Among others there was Troy, the Hittite Empire, the kingdoms of Phrygia and Lydia, the Armenian kingdom of Cilicia, the Byzantine Empire, The Seleucid Empire and the Ottoman Empire. As well as these, Greek, Armenian, Turkish, Assyrian, Arab, Jewish people, among others have also occupied the region.