Third Dynasty of Ur; c. 2100-2050 B.C.
A rectilinear cylinder seal of a merchant with name inscribed. Central presentation scene shows supplicant being presented to the enthroned horned deity on the right. Anzu bird and crescent moon in field. Inscription in Sumerian reads “URNIGAR SON OF DUMUERINDA DAMGAR” (Damgar=Merchant). Vertical drill hole for suspension. In excellent condition.
2.36 x 1.18 inches (6 x 3 cms)
Provenance: probably Umma (modern Tell Jokha in Iraq)
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Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.
The cylinder seal in question conforms to art-historical categories attested in the Ur III period. The iconographic categories of Ur III presentation-scene cylinder seals can be distinguished, in terms of both style and content, from similar seals of the Akkad, post-Akkad,and Isin-Larsa periods. Most notable is the simplicity of the presentation scene, the characteristic dress of each ofthe participants, the left-facing seated goddess, the shrine uponwhich she is seated, the secondary icons, and the finely-wrought craftsmanship.