A SILVER ZUZ OF THE BAR KOCHBA REVOLT IN 18K GOLD
Please refer to our stock # Z.3 when inquiring.
Year 3; 134-135 A.D.
Obverse: Paleo-Hebrew inscription “Shimon” within wreath. Pearl border. Remnants of Roman inscription on edge.
Reverse: Two upright trumpets with a dot in between. Inscription “For the freedom of Jerusalem”. Pearl border. Remnants of Roman inscription.
In excellent and original condition. Slight splitting of coin due to overstrike. Found in Hebron.
Set in 18K gold swivel pendant with 75 point black diamonds. Pendant handmade in Jerusalem
Diameter: 29 mm without pendant; Weight: 13.7 g
Bibliography: Hendin 1421.
Certificate of Authenticity and Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.
The trumpet is significant in Judaism and Christianity for a plethora of reasons. However, in this context the two trumpets depicted on this coin are most likely a reference to the set of trumpets found in the temple of Jerusalem. These trumpets are used on a variety of sacred occasions such as The Divine Service, to announce the arrival of Shabbat, new moons, etc.
Two such trumpets are referenced in Numbers “And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying , Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation….And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations. (Numbers 10:1-3, 8)
After the first Jewish revolt against Rome that ended by the destruction of the second temple 70 CE, Shimon Bar- kochba started another revolt against Rome (132-135 CE), as a declaration of independence Bar – Kochba issued significant Jewish coinage, up to our modern history this was the last time that Jewish people had the chance to mint coins with Hebrew inscription and Jewish symbols.
The leader of the Second Revolt (132-135 CE) was Shim’on Bar Koseba. He was known as Bar Kochba, meaning “Son of the Star,“ in reference to messianic expectations of the verse: “There shall step forth a star (kochab) out of Jacob“ (Numbers 24:17). Indeed, one of the greatest sages of the time - Rabbi Akiva - had proclaimed Bar Kochba as the messiah.