A COLLECTION OF SEVEN BRONZE BIBLICAL COINS

A COLLECTION OF SEVEN BRONZE BIBLICAL COINS


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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1277161
Biblical Artifacts
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This collection incorporates some of the most significant biblical coins of the Holy Land from 103 BC to the 4th Century AD. Please find a detailed description of the coins and their significance below.

1) TWO WIDOW’S MITE PRUTAH OF ALEXANDER JANNAEUS

Reign of Alexander Jannaeus as King of Judea (103-76 BC)

Obverse: BASILEWS ALEXANDROU around inverted anchor.

Reverse: Eight-rayed star surrounded by diadem, Hebrew inscription "Yehonatan the king" between the rays.

Bibliography:

Hendin, 469

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Although minted in the late 2nd-early 1st Century BC due to their small denomination these leptah and prutot of Alexander Jannaeus were still in circulation 100 years later during the time of Christ. It is believed that these coins are those mentioned in the New Testament book of Mark 12:41.

2) A BRONZE PRUTAH OF PONTIUS PILATE

Pontius Pilate as Procurator of Judaea under Tiberius (AD 26-36)

Jerusalem Mint; Year 16 (AD 29)

Obverse: Three bound ears of barley surrounded by IOVLIAC KAICAPOC.

Reverse: Simpulum surround by TIBERIOY KAICAPOC LIV.

Bibliography:

Hendin, 648

SNG ANS, 367

3) A BRONZE PRUTAH OF PONTIUS PILATE

Pontius Pilate as Procurator of Judaea under Tiberius (AD 26-36)

Jerusalem Mint, Year 17 or 18 (AD 30-31)

Obverse: Lituus surrounded by TIBERIOY KAICAPOC

Reverse: Date surrounded by wreath

Bibliography:

Hendin, 649/650

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Pontius Pilate is perhaps best known as the person who presided over the trial of Jesus Christ and ordered his execution. However, prior to this he ruled for many years as governor of the Roman province of Judaea under Emperor Tiberius. The two coins included in this set are two of the most popular coins of Pontius Pilate and are those most likely to have been issued around the time of the fateful trial and execution of Jesus Christ.

4) A NABATEAN BRONZE PRUTAH OF KING ARETAS IV AND SHUQAILAT

Reign of Aretas IV (9/8 BC-AD 69/70) and his queen, Shuqailat (AD 39/40-69/70)

Petra Mint; AD 39/40

Obverse: Jugate busts of Aretas IV and Shuqailat

Reverse: Double cornucopias with Aramaic inscription “Aretas, Shuqailat”

Bibliography:

Meshorer, Nabataean, 112/113

Sear, 5699

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It has been suggested that King Aretas IV and his son, Malichus, may have been two of the three Magi mentioned at the birth of Christ. Certainly, the trip from Petra to Bethlehem would not have been prohibitively long or treacherous. Regardless of whether Aretas IV and Malichus were present at the birth of Christ this coin is nonetheless a significant coin from that period and serves to remind the viewer of the multiculturalism present in the Holy Land at the time of Christ.

5) A BRONZE PRUTAH OF HEROD AGRIPPA I

Reign of Herod Agrippa I (AD 37-44)

Jerusalem Mint; Year 6 (AD 42)

Obverse: A royal canopy surrounded by the inscription ”Herod the King”

Reverse: Three ears of barley between two leaves. Inscription L s “Year 6” on either side.

Bibliography:

Hendin, 1244

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Herod Agrippa I, was the grandson of the infamous Herod the Great, and was king of Judaea from AD 37-44 following a successful program of ingratiating himself with the Roman elite. He is best known to some from his references in the Bible and his reported religious persecution. However, other sources, such as Josephus, speak of him as a kind and generous ruler, in direct contrast to his grandfather.

6) A BRONZE FOLLIS OF CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)

Reign of Constantine I (AD 306-337)

Arles Mint

Obverse: Pearl diademed bust of Constantine I facing right. CONSTAN_TINUS AVG.

Bibliography:

Roman Imperial Coinage VII

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Constantine I (The Great) is often called “The Father of Christianity” due to his acceptance of Christianity and his conversion in later life. One of the best known anecdotes is the “Dream of Constantine” which would later come to be stated as the impetus for his conversion. More realistically, Constantine’s conversion was most likely largely politically motivated at a time when tensions between Christians and Pagans were a significant concern for the Empire. Regardless of his motivations, however, Constantine was fundamental to the transition of the Roman Empire, and subsequently the Byzantine Empire, to Christinaity. In addition to the variety of edicts issued under his reign, his sons and successors all ruled as Christians and created a precedent which would remain throughout the life of the Byzantines.

ALL COINS FOUND IN THE HOLY LAND

WORLDWIDE SHIPPING, CERTIFICATES OF AUTHENTICITY, CUSTOM OLIVEWOOD BOX AND A FREE COPY OF “MONEY OF THE BIBLE” INCLUDED IN PRICE

EXPORT APPROVAL FROM THE ISRAEL ANTIQUITIES AUTHORITY