A CANAANITE TELL EL-YAHUDIYEH WARE TERRACOTTA JUGLET

A CANAANITE TELL EL-YAHUDIYEH WARE TERRACOTTA JUGLET


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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Holy Land: Pottery: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1293627

Please refer to our stock # P.159 when inquiring.
Biblical Artifacts
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P. O. Box 14646, Jerusalem 9114601, Israel
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 $900.00 
Middle Bronze Age IIB-C; 1730-1550 BCE

This juglet is composed of a squat, piriform body on a button base with a small neck terminating in a thick rim. A double handle has been applied from just below the rim to the shoulder of the vessel. This juglet is finished with a gray burnished slip and decorated with punctures and incisions common to the ware. In this example the most predominate decoration occurs on the shoulder where linear punctured decoration is placed within triangular metopes between undecorated bands. A solid band is also present around the middle of the vessel creating additional visual separation between the vessel's shoulder and the rest of the body.

Chips to rim and small chip to body, otherwise in very fine condition. Natural Holy Land patina present.

Height: 13 cm (5.12 inches)

Worldwide Shipping and Certificate of Authenticity Included in Price.

Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.

Bibliography:

Ruth, Amiran, “Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land”, (Rutgers University, 1970), p. 118-20; pl. 36

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Tell el-Yahudiyeh (Arabic: "the mound of the Jews", variants: Tell el-Yehudiyeh, Tell el-Yahudiya) is an important archaeological site in the eastern Delta region of Egypt. Vessels of this type were first identified by the excavator Sir Flinders Petrie at the site of Tell el-Yahudiyeh in Egypt, hence the name still used for the ware. It is now clear, however, that they were manufactured by Canaanites as containers for luxury items such as perfumed oils. Mostly juglets, they are characteristically covered with a very dark brown, almost black, burnished slip. The decoration is incised and punctuated, and the resulting lines and holes are filled with white chalk to contrast with the vessel's surface

Tell el-Yahudiyeh ware is widely found in Egypt and Canaan. Such interconnections between the two areas reflect the fact that Egypt was again strong politically and economically. After a period of instability (the First Intermediate Period), Egypt was reunified around 2000 BC with the start of the Middle Kingdom (about 2040-1750 BC). With a strong, centralized administration, trade routes could be re-opened. This encouraged a return to urban life in Canaan, and renewed demand for luxury products such as the perfumed oils transported in these jars

“Make these into a sacred anointing oil, a fragrant blend, the work of a perfumer. It will be the sacred anointing oil.” (Exodus 30:25)