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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Egyptian: Stone: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1294138

Please refer to our stock # scarab5 when inquiring.
Biblical Artifacts
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at The Inbal Hotel, Liberty Bell Park, 3 Jabotinsky Street
P. O. Box 14646, Jerusalem 9114601, Israel
tel. 972 2 583 7606

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Second Intermediate Period, Fifteenth Dynasty (c. 1650-1550 BCE)

Carved in the form of a stylized scarab beetle on the obverse with a carved figure of a man in a short Egyptian kilt walking right with hands at waist and hieroglyphs in field on the reverse.

16 x 12 mm

Worldwide Shipping and Certificate of Authenticity Included in Price.

Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.


Daphna Ben-Tor, “The Scarab: A Reflection of Ancient Egypt” (Jerusalem:1993) pg. 28-33.


The “Hyksos” as they are now known were most likely Canaanites, or a group of mixed-Asiatic peoples, who had entered Egypt in the twelfth dynasty and ultimately came to rule. The term “Hyksos” is in fact a Greek corruption of “hekau khasut” which means “chieftains of a foreign land”.

The figure is clearly not a king due to his lack of crown or other indicator of authority. Although the style of the carving is obviously influenced by Canaanite traditions the fact that the figure is in Egyptian, rather than Asiatic, dress suggests that its bearer wished to be associated with the Egyptians. This could be do to a variety of reasons none of which can be clearly ascertained through the scarab itself.