FOUR DENARII OF THE SEVERAN DYNASTY

FOUR DENARII OF THE SEVERAN DYNASTY


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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Roman: Coins: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1335139

Please refer to our stock # 2-A when inquiring.
Biblical Artifacts
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SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS

Rome Mint; 202-210 CE

Obverse: SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Reverse: FVNDATOR PACIS. Septimius, veiled, standing left holding branch and roll.

Weight: 3.17 g; Diameter: 18.2 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 265

JULIA DOMNA

Rome Mint, 196-211 CE

Obverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA. Draped bust of Julia Domna facing right.

Reverse: PIETAS PVBLICA. Pietas, veiled, standing front with head left, by altar, raising both hands.

Weight: 2.95 g; Diameter: 18.2 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 574

CARACALLA

Rome Mint; 201-206 CE

Obverse: Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Reverse: FELICITAS AVGG. Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia.

Weight: 2.68 g; Diameter: 19.1 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 127

GETA

Rome Mint; c. Early 209 CE

Obverse: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES. Draped bust of Geta facing right.

Reverse: PONTIF COS II. Geta standing left, holding globe and short sceptre.

Weight: 3.24 g; Diameter: 19.2 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 61a

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Septimius Severus was born in 145/146 CE in what is modern day Libya to a well-established Roman family. He entered public service from an early age and rose to the rank of Consul in 190 CE. Prior to this appointment he married a Syrian noblewoman named Julia Domna in 187/188 CE. By all accounts this marriage was a happy one with Julia Domna being a trusted adviser to Severus. This marriage produced two sons, Caracalla (born in 188 CE) and Geta (born 189 CE).

In 193 CE, Septimius Severus rose to the role of Emperor during the tumultuous “Year of Five Emperors”. After the assassination of the insane Commodus, Pertinax was appointed emperor only to be assassinated in short order by the Praetorian Guard. Septimius Severus, meanwhile was appointed Emperor of Rome in the field by his troops on April 13th, 193 CE. He successfully marched on the city, subdued other contenders for the throne and proceeded to disband the Praetorian Guard. Following this he presented himself as the avenger of Pertinax and the successor of Marcus Aurelius, thereby making him the rightful heir to Rome. Septimius Severus ruled solely from 193-198 CE when he appointed his son Caracalla his co-ruler and heir. He raised his other son, Geta, to the role of Augustus as well in 209 CE. Severus died in 211 CE in what is now York, England leaving his sons to inherit the empire.

Although Severus no doubt meant for his sons to rule together, the nature of Caracalla made this arrangement impossible and he had his brother assassinated the same year his father died. Caracalla continued to rule, solely, with the help of his mother until his assassination on campaign in 217 CE. Assuming, most likely correctly, that she would not be welcomed back in Rome, Julia Domna killed herself following the death of her last remaining son.