FIVE ROMAN DENARII OF SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AND CARACALLA

FIVE ROMAN DENARII OF SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AND CARACALLA


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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Roman: Coins: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1335165

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Rome Mint; 200-213 CE


SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS

Rome Mint, 200-201 CE

Obverse: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX. Laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Reverse: VIRT AVGG. Virtus standing left, holding Victory and resting on shield, spear against left arm.

Weight: 2.88 g; Diameter: 19.3 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 171a


Rome Mint, 200-201 CE

Obverse: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX. Laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Reverse: RESTITVTOR VRBIS. Severus standing left, sacrificing with patera over tripod and holding spear.

Weight: 2.98 g; Diameter: 19.1 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 167a


CARACALLA

Rome Mint; 213 CE

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG. Laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Reverse: P M TR P XVI COS III P P. Hercules standing naked left, holding branch in right hand and club and lion skin in left.

Weight: 2.45 g; Diameter: 18.4 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 206b

Rome Mint; 212 CE

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT. Laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Reverse: P M TR P XV COS III P P. Annona seated left, holding corn-ears over modius and cornucopia.

Weight: 3.02 g; Diameter: 18.7 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 195


Rome Mint; 201-206 BCE

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate bust of Caracalla facing right.

Reverse: VOTA SVSCEPTA X. Caracalla standing left, togate, sacrificing out of a patera over tripod and holding roll.

Weight: 2.82 g; Diameter: 19 mm

Reference:

RIC 4a, 150

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Septimius Severus was born in 145/146 CE in what is modern day Libya to a well-established Roman family. He entered public service from an early age and rose to the rank of Consul in 190 CE. Prior to this appointment he married a Syrian noblewoman named Julia Domna in 187/188 CE. By all accounts this marriage was a happy one with Julia Domna being a trusted adviser to Severus. This marriage produced two sons, Caracalla (born in 188 CE) and Geta (born 189 CE).

In 193 CE, Septimius Severus rose to the role of Emperor during the tumultuous “Year of Five Emperors”. After the assassination of the insane Commodus, Pertinax was appointed emperor only to be assassinated in short order by the Praetorian Guard. Septimius Severus, meanwhile was appointed Emperor of Rome in the field by his troops on April 13th, 193 CE. He successfully marched on the city, subdued other contenders for the throne and proceeded to disband the Praetorian Guard. Following this he presented himself as the avenger of Pertinax and the successor of Marcus Aurelius, thereby making him the rightful heir to Rome. Septimius Severus ruled solely from 193-198 CE when he appointed his son Caracalla his co-ruler and heir. He raised his other son, Geta, to the role of Augustus as well in 209 CE. Severus died in 211 CE in what is now York, England leaving his sons to inherit the empire. Although Severus no doubt meant for his sons to rule together, the nature of his children, primarily Caracalla, made this arrangement impossible and Caracalla had Geta assassinated the same year his father died. Caracalla continued to rule as the sole Augustus until his assassination in 217 CE while in Parthia on campaign.