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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Roman: Coins: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1335166

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Rome Mint; 196-211 CE


Rome Mint; 201 CE

Obverse: SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Reverse: PART MAX P M TR P VIIII. Trophy between two captives.

Weight: 2.65 g; Diameter: 19 mm


RIC 4a, 176

Rome Mint; 202-210 CE

Obverse: SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Reverse: VOTA SVSCEPTA XX. Septimius Severus, veiled, standing left, sacrificing out of patera over altar.

Weight: 2.96 g; Diameter: 19.75 mm


RIC 4a, 308


Rome Mint, 196-211 CE

Obverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA. Draped bust of Julia Domna facing right.

Reverse: MATER DEVM. Cybele, towered, seated left on throne between two lions; holding branch and sceptre, resting left arm on drum.

Weight: 2.96 g; Diameter: 20.3 mm


RIC 4a, 564


Rome Mint; 210 CE

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT. Laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Reverse: PONTIF TR P XIII COS III. Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopia.

Weight: 2.52 g; Diameter: 18.5 mm


RIC 4a, 116b


Rome Mint; 200-202 CE

Obverse: P SEPT GETA CAES PONT. Draped bust of Geta facing right.

Reverse: NOBILITAS. Nobilitas standing right, holding sceptre and palladium.

Weight: 2.74 g; Diameter: 19.4 mm


RIC 4a, 13a

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Septimius Severus was born in 145/146 CE in what is modern day Libya to a well-established Roman family. He entered public service from an early age and rose to the rank of Consul in 190 CE. Prior to this appointment he married a Syrian noblewoman named Julia Domna in 187/188 CE. By all accounts this marriage was a happy one with Julia Domna being a trusted adviser to Severus. This marriage produced two sons, Caracalla (born in 188 CE) and Geta (born 189 CE).

In 193 CE, Septimius Severus rose to the role of Emperor during the tumultuous “Year of Five Emperors”. After the assassination of the insane Commodus, Pertinax was appointed emperor only to be assassinated in short order by the Praetorian Guard. Septimius Severus, meanwhile was appointed Emperor of Rome in the field by his troops on April 13th, 193 CE. He successfully marched on the city, subdued other contenders for the throne and proceeded to disband the Praetorian Guard. Following this he presented himself as the avenger of Pertinax and the successor of Marcus Aurelius, thereby making him the rightful heir to Rome. Septimius Severus ruled solely from 193-198 CE when he appointed his son Caracalla his co-ruler and heir. He raised his other son, Geta, to the role of Augustus as well in 209 CE. Severus died in 211 CE in what is now York, England leaving his sons to inherit the empire.

Although Severus no doubt meant for his sons to rule together, the nature of Caracalla made this arrangement impossible and he had his brother assassinated the same year his father died. Caracalla continued to rule, solely, with the help of his mother until his assassination on campaign in 217 CE. Assuming, most likely correctly, that she would not be welcomed back in Rome, Julia Domna killed herself following the death of her last remaining son.