LARGE Chinese Neolithic Banshan Phase Painted Pottery Jar (c. 2600 - 2300 BC)
This large and impressive pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Banshan Phase (c. 2600 - 2300 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is made from a fairly high-fired red pottery, the surface colour of which varies slightly in places due to uneven conditions in the Neolithic kiln during manufacture. It is of fine form with its very wide round body tapering down to a relatively small flat base. It has quite a tall neck and a flared rim, with two small lugs just below the rim on opposing sides. At the waist are two sturdy loop handles. The upper body has been extensively decorated with black and purple fired-on mineral-based pigments, in a pattern featuring four large roundels containing cross-hatching. The outer surface of the neck and the inside of the mouth have been decorated in black pigments.
This is an unusually large example with a height of 48 cm (18.75 inches) and maximum diameter of 47 cm (18.5 inches). This jar has survived remarkably well; although we can see no sign of repair to the pottery itself, there are signs that the partially worn pattern has been touched-up in places.
This jar is available to view at our gallery.
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