Chinese Neolithic Painted Pottery Jar - Machang (c. 2300 - 2000 BC)
This twin-handled pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang Phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is quite thin-walled and relatively highly-fired. The inside of the mouth and the upper body have been coated in a reddish-brown wash on top of which have been painted geometric patterns in a dark fired-on mineral-based pigment. Note the interesting pattern of "calcified" ancient root/plant growths to the lower body.
Height 11 cm (4.25 inches), diameter 12 cm (4.75 inches). Some surface wear, and it is difficult to be sure, but there are faint signs of repair the vulnerable rim edge but still a very good example.
Examples of pottery of this type with red wash below the painted design, have been excavated from Liuwan village, Ledu county in Qinghai province and date to the middle of the Machang period.
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