Rare Large Chinese Neolithic Xindian Culture Pottery Jar
This very rare pottery jar was made around 3,000 years ago by peoples of the Neolithic Xindian culture (c. 1200 - 500 BC). The Xindian culture is a relatively late Neolithic culture and overlaps with the Chinese Bronze Age. Xindian pottery is rarer and generally much less refined, more coarse and brittle than pottery from some earlier Chinese Neolithic cultures. Like many Xindian jars, this example is quite "thinly-potted" and shows "stress-cracks" in places.
Typically for Xindian jars, the base is slightly concave. The lower body has very fine crisp marks from the shaping tool. Although not immediately obvious, the geometric pattern has been applied in two different fired-on mineral-based pigments, both red and black on top of each other as can be seen at the edges of the design. Parts of the surface bear the marks of ancient root/plants growths from its long burial. The surface colour of the pottery varies due to uneven conditions in the Neolithic kiln.
Height 32 cm (12.5 inches), diameter 30 cm (12 inches). Overall condition is very good for such a large example of Xindian pottery; although not at all obvious, there is a small and discreet repair to part of the vulnerable mouth and a filled hole to the body.
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