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Rare Chinese Neolithic Machang Pottery Jar - Liuwan Type


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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Asian: Chinese: Pottery: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1339081

Please refer to our stock # MA236 when inquiring.
Brian Page Antiques
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Rare Chinese Neolithic Machang Pottery Jar - Liuwan Type

This rare pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is of a particularly unusual form, presumably a pouring vessel, with its one loop handle at the shoulder and the protruding lug lower down on the opposite side. It is quite "heavily-potted" and relatively highly-fired. The pottery has fired to a reddish-brown. Interestingly, to the base is quite a large firing bubble which prevents the vessel from standing level on a flat surface. The smooth upper body, as well as the inside of the mouth, has been coated in a dark reddish-brown wash, on top of which, in fired-on mineral-based pigment, are decorative geometric patterns.

Examples of Machang phase pottery of this type with the distinctive brown wash below the painted design, have been excavated from Liuwan village, Ledu county in Qinghai province and date to the middle of the Machang period. 

Height 16 cm (6.25 inches). There are some minor chips to the vulnerable rim edge but there is no sign of restoration or repair; this rare vessel is in very good condition. 

For further reading, including details of Liuwan Machang phase pottery, we highly recommend "The Archaeology of Ancient China" (4th edition) by Kwang-chih Chang, a "must have" for any serious collector of Chinese Neolithic pottery.

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