Chinese Neolithic Painted Pottery Jar - Machang (c. 2300 - 2000 BC)
This twin-handled pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang Phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is quite thin-walled and relatively highly-fired. The upper body has been coated in a reddish-brown wash on top of which have been painted geometric patterns in a dark fired-on mineral-based pigment. Interestingly, the red wash was not applied to the body under the handles nor to the main surface of the handles..
This is a particularly large example of its type with a height and diameter of 18 cm (7 inches). Although a nice looking example in good presentable condition, careful examination does show repairs to the vulnerable mouth edge, lower body and around the base.
Examples of pottery of this type with its distinctive red wash below the painted design, have been excavated from Liuwan village, Ledu county in Qinghai province and date to the middle of the Machang period.
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