Safavid Dynasty. (1502–1736). It was founded by Isma'il I, who, by converting his people from Sunnite to Shi'ite Islam and
adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, planted the seeds of a unique national and religious identity. He captured Tabriz from the Ak
Koyunlu and became shah of Azerbaijan (1501) and Persia (1502). 'Abbas I (r. 1588–1629) brought the dynasty to its peak; his capital,
Isfahan, was the center of Safavid architectural achievement. The dynasty declined in the century following his reign, pressed by the Ottoman
Empire and the Mogul dynasty, and fell when a weak shah, Tahmasp II, was deposed by his general, Nadir Shah. Description: Wonderful copper
bowl from Safavid era, entirely engraved from the top we have a band of decorated engraved Arabic script calling the twelve Imams of Shia, fallowing
by floral and animal cartouches and geometric design. The bowl bears the engraved maker's name and measures 10.75 inches in diameter and has a
height of 4.5 inches in very good condition. For a similar example, see Christie's, April 24, 1990.