Safavid Dynasty. (1502–1736). It was founded by Isma'il I, who, by converting his people from Sunnite to Shi'ite Islam and
adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, planted the seeds of a unique national and religious identity. He captured Tabriz from the Ak
Koyunlu and became shah of Azerbaijan (1501) and Persia (1502). 'Abbas I (r. 1588–1629) brought the dynasty to its peak; his capital,
Isfahan, was the center of Safavid architectural achievement. The dynasty declined in the century following his reign, pressed by the Ottoman
Empire and the Mogul dynasty, and fell when a weak shah, Tahmasp II, was deposed by his general, Nadir Shah. Description: Striking and well executed copper
bowl from Safavid era, entirely engraved from the top we have a band of decorated engraved Arabic script calling the twelve Imams of Shia fallowing
by geometric design. The bowl is one the finest we have come across ed with in years, the script is magnificently executed, those familiar with Persian hand writing will appreciate the beauty of this work. The bowl bears the engraved maker's name and measures 6 3/8 inches in diameter and has a
height of 2 5/8 inches in very good condition. For a similar example, see Christie's, April 24, 1990.