Circular bead with carved flower and scroll pattern
Measurement: 1.1 cm x 1.15 x .5 cm
Material/colour: stone (steatite?) now cream, but blackened back suggests an original glaze, perhaps dark green.
Technique: stone carving with ceramic glaze; pierced for suspension.
Condition: Back is worn and slightly gritty; carved surface is well preserved; line encircling pattern somewhat worn and eccentric.
Date: This pattern originated in the Second Intermediate Period, circa 1782 - 1555 BC, but was popular into New Kingdom and even Third Intermediate Period.
Provenance: Golden Chariot; original collection of Gustav Jecquier, reportedly from Sakkara.
Identification and Interpretation: Round lentoid bead, probably originally glazed. Crossed pattern of floral motif with spiral scrolls.
Function and Meaning: A bead from a necklace or bracelet. “The origin and interpretation of the geometric designs are obscure. While they may have had a purely ornamental purpose, it is possible that they possessed magical significance which was the reason for their widespread appearance . . . “(see Ben-Tor, below.)
Parallels: see Daphna Ben-Tor, The Scarab, p.31, type VIII- 4. This is a fairly common type.