4 Sons of Horus with Winged Scarab - Faience Amulets
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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Egyptian: Faience: Pre AD 1000: item # 914773
Please refer to our stock # GD-424 when inquiring.
Here you find a complete set of 4 sons of Horus from mummy wrappings. This set would have been sewn on the wrapping or threaded on a net of beads, placed on the mummy. Dates to approx the Third Intermediate Period, 1079-800 BC. All with holes for thread, so that they could be sewn onto the bandages of the mummy. Intact as shown and in perfect condition! Scarab measures 1.25 inches, wings measure in at 1.6 inches each and the largest amulet is 2 inches.
There are many ancient Egyptian deities which were concerned with the protection of the dead. However, these 4 are very interesting (the Sons of Horus) whose existence dates back at least to the Old Kingdom (about 2613-2160 BC). Over time each of the sons of Horus became identified as protecting one of the internal organs removed from the body during mummification. The stomach was protected by Duamutef (jackal), the liver by Imsety (human), the lungs by Hapy (baboon), and the intestines by Qebehsenuef (falcon). The winged scarab was also a common motif on mummy masks and coffins, representing rebirth. Along with the 4 Sons of Horus, it too would have been placed on the beaded netting, usually placed over the heart.
Provenance: Gustave Jequier (1868-1946)
Authentication: Gayle Gibson, Egyptologist.
F.D. Friedman (ed.), Gifts of the Nile: ancient Egy (London, Thames and Hudson, 1998)
C.A.R. Andrews, Egyptian mummies (London, The British Museum Press, 1984)