Griffin Gallery Antiquities

Persian, Elamite Period, Clay Fertility Goddess, Idol

Persian, Elamite Period, Clay Fertility Goddess, Idol

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1004366

Please refer to our stock # 1650 when inquiring.
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SOLD SEPARATELY, $1,500 Each: Three Persian, Elamite Period, Clay Fertility Goddesses, ca. 1500 - 1000 BCE, found in the Holy Land. Mold made but varying in sizes and with elaborate headress and costume. Each fertility goddess holding bare breasts in cupped hands. Sizes vary from 5 1/2" to 6" high. All intact and in excellent condition. Similar figurine was excavated at Susa in 1852 by W.K. Loftus. Examples of these molds found in the British Museum. Elam, Elamite Ḥaltami, Akkadian Elamtu, also called Susiana, ancient country in southwestern Iran approximately equivalent to the modern region of Khūzestān. Four prominent geographic names within Elam are mentioned in ancient sources: Awan, Anshan, Simash, and Susa. Susa was Elam’s capital, and in classical sources the name of the country is sometimes Susiana. About 1600 bce new invaders of Mesopotamia, the Kassites, may have caused the fall of both Babylonia and Elam. Thereafter almost nothing is known of Elam until the latter part of the 13th century bce, when it began reemerging as a substantial international power. The Elamite kings Shutruk-Nahhunte and Kutir-Nahhunte invaded Mesopotamia and succeeded in securing a large number of ancient monuments (such as the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin and the stele bearing the law code of Hammurabi). Shilkhak-In-Shushinak campaigned vigorously, and for at least a short period his domain included most of Mesopotamia east of the Tigris River and reached eastward almost to Persepolis. This greatest period of Elamite conquest ended when Nebuchadrezzar I of Babylon (reigned c. 1119–c. 1098 bce) captured Susa. For almost 300 years thereafter nothing is known of Elamite history. In 640 bce, however, the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal invaded Elam, sacked Susa, and deported some of the leading citizens to Samaria in Palestine. Later Elam formed a satrapy of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty, and Susa became one of the three most important cities of the Persian realm.