Rare South Arabian Bronze Horse Head Protome, circa 2nd Century BCE - 1st Century CE. Engraved mane and inlaid eyes beneath heavy ribbed brows. Braided harness with blinders behind eyes. Two holes for attachment at bas of neck. Missing one ear but otherwise in excellent condition. 4 1/2" high. Ex: Property of Santa Barbara Museum of Art. A breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula. With a distinctive head shape and high tail carriage, the Arabian is one of the most easily recognizable horse breeds in the world. It is also one of the oldest breeds, with archaeological evidence of horses that resemble modern Arabians dating back 4,500 years. Throughout history, Arabian horses spread around the world by both war and trade, used to improve other breeds by adding speed, refinement, endurance, and strong bone. Today, Arabian bloodlines are found in almost every modern breed of riding horse. The Arabian developed in a desert climate and was prized by the nomadic Bedouin people, often being brought inside the family tent for shelter and protection from theft.