Small Apulian Pottery Kantharos, circa 4th Century BCE. Wide mouth and high twin stap handles. Decorated with black bands and four foliate motifs on shoulder. Sits on flared black foot. 4 1/2" high. Professional restoration to rim and handles but in excellent condition. Ex: Christie's South Kensington. Apulia is one of the richest archaeological regions in Italy. It was first settled by Illyric peoples, the best-known of whom were the Messapii. Mycenaean Greeks then colonized the area. In the 8th century BC, the Ancient Greeks expanded until reaching the area of Taranto and Salento in Magna Graecia. In the 5th and 4th centuries BC, the Greek settlement at Taras produced a distinctive style of pottery (Apulian vase painting). In ancient times only the northern part of the region was called Apulia; the southern peninsula was known as Calabria, a name now used to designate the southwestern tip of the Italian peninsula (the "toe" of the Italian "boot").