Roman Cooking Pot on custom iron stand, ca. 1st Century CE. Found in The Holy Land. Coiled pottery technique with wide mouth and dual handles. In excellent condition. 6 1/2" high. Ex: Archaeological Center, Old Jaffa. One mode of cooking in ancient Rome was the focus, a hearth that was placed in front of the lararium, the household altar which contained small sculptures of the household deity (the lares, or guardian ancestor-spirits, and the penates, who were believed to protect the floor, the larder.) In homes where the lararium was built into the wall, the focus was sometimes built of raised brick into four sides, constructed against a baseboard on which a fire was lit. More common was a focus that was rectangular and portable, consisting simply of a movable hearth with stone or bronze feet. After the development of separate kitchens, the focus began to be used only for religious offerings and for warmth, rather than for cooking.