Parthian Bronze Lion-Headed Handle, Ancient Iran ca. 150 BCE - 225 CE. With open mouth, sharp fangs, small eyes with a flattened head, and ribbed handle. On custom stand and in excellent condition. Bronze is 4 3/4" High. Ex: Archaeological Center, Old Jaffa. From about 130 BCE onwards, Parthia suffered numerous incursions by various nomadic tribes, including the Sakas, the Yueh-chi, and the Massagetae. Each time, the Arsacid dynasts responded personally, doing so even when there were more severe threats from Seleucids or Romans looming on the western borders of their empire (as was the case for Mithridates I). Defending the empire against the nomads cost Phraates II and Artabanus I their lives.