Roman Bronze Weight, Figural Group of Cybele seated on a Lion. Ca. Late 2nd - Early 3rd Century CE. Goddess wearing draped tunic, mantle, and diadem. Holding a cornucopia and ship's rudder. Lion with curled tail and heavy mane. Wide eyes and lolling tongue. Suspension loop and hook at top of bronze, and sits on integral plinth. In excellent condition. 5 1/2". Ex: Christie's New York. Romans knew Cybele as Magna Mater ("Great Mother".) Rome officially adopted her cult during the Second Punic War (218 to 201 BCE), after dire prodigies, including a meteor shower, a failed harvest and famine, seemed to warn of Rome's imminent defeat. The Roman Senate and its religious advisers consulted the Sibylline oracle and decided that Carthage might be defeated if Rome imported the Magna Mater ("Great Mother") of Phrygian Pessinos.