Early 20th Century Framed Chinese Silk Embroidery Textile, ca. 1920. Floral theme with vibrant colors. Framed size 9 1/2" x 9 1/2". Ex: S. Zaremba collection, Florida. Chinese embroidery has a long history since the Neolithic age. Because of the quality of silk fibre, most Chinese fine embroideries are made in silk. Some ancient vestiges of silk production have been found in various Neolithic sites dating back 5,000-6,000 years in China. Currently the earliest real sample of silk embroidery discovered in China is from a tomb in Mashan in Hubei province identified with the Zhanguo period (5th-3rd centuries BC). After the opening of Silk Route in the Han Dynasty, the silk production and trade flourished. In the 14th century, the Chinese silk embroidery production reached its high peak. Several major silk embroidery styles had been developed, like Song Jin (Song embroidery) in Suzhou, Yun Jin (Cloud embroidery) in Nanjing and Shu Jin (Shu embroidery) in Sichuan. Today most handwork has been replaced by machinery, but some very sophisticated production is still hand-made. Modern Chinese silk embroidery still prevails in southern China.