Henry Ward Ranger, American (1858 - 1916, active/lived in New York, Connecticut. Henry Ranger is known for landscape painting-forest interiors. He was a leading artist of the Tonalist movement, was responsible for the establishment of the art colony at Old Lyme, Connecticut. Raised in Geneseo and Syracuse, New York, he studied art in France, where he was influenced by the Barbizon School and a group of Dutch painters called "The Hague." Ranger exhibited at the Paris Salon and the Paris Exposition, and had a one-man show at Knoedler's in New York in 1892. He became a successful lecturer and painter, exhibiting at the Brooklyn Art Association, the National Academy, the Art Institute of Chicago, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Corcoran Gallery, and several expositions. In the 1890s began painting in Old Lyme. Captivated by the area's beauty, he established the American Barbizon School there, which attracted many artists. While he sketched out-of-doors, Ranger finished his works in the studio in the traditional academic manner. Soon after Hassam's arrival, Ranger left Old Lyme to start a new colony at Noank, near Mystic on the Connecticut coast. Ranger died in 1916 without family and bequeathed his estate to the National Academy of Design to establish a fund for the acquisition of works by American artists. His own works are represented in many American museums.