This shaving box is a truly wonderful and unusual piece of Americana, and was used to hold and sharpen razors. It was not a common household object, and not many survived from the 18th century. Nina Fletcher Little discusses these charming boxes in her book, Neat and Tidy, and shows a similar example.
This particular example is made from birch, and has chip carved saw-tooth edges, and, on three sides, scribed designs. It has three sliding compartments, and also, amazingly, still retains its inset strop and honing surfaces. The box has a rich, deep patina, a nice dry surface, and, overall, is in very good condition, with much less than the the expected nicks and minor losses of a heavily used object.
The length is 11 inches, the width is 2 1/4 inches, and the height is 2 1/4 inches.