American Art Pottery & 20th Century Design by  
Mark Bassett     (aka 'potterybooks')
Author of Understanding Roseville Pottery
Salem by Schreckengost Art Deco Victory Teapot #2

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Directory: Vintage Arts: Decorative Art: Ceramics: American: Pottery: Pre 1940: Item # 380061

Mark Bassett (aka 'potterybooks')
Author of Understanding Roseville Pottery
P.O. Box 771233, Lakewood, OH 44107


Salem by Schreckengost Art Deco Victory Teapot #2
This 9.25" t. teapot was designed (both the shape and the decal decoration) by internationally renowned Cleveland School designer and artist Viktor Schreckengost. The maker is Salem, and the Machine Age shape is called Victory (introduced in 1938). This decoration is a colorful floral wreath, with gilt details (pattern name unknown).

In VIKTOR SCHRECKENGOST AND 20TH CENTURY DESIGN (the catalog for Viktor's 2000 retrospective exhibition at the Cleveland Museum of Art), Henry Adams calls a somewhat similar design (for American Limoges), the 1937 Triumph shape, one of Viktor's finest designs, writing that "the hollowware was made by combining two forms: a lower one with straight sides and ridged indentations, which served essentially as a base; and an upper one that curved out slightly to create globular shapes reminiscent of the Manhattan pattern. When colored bands were added to the shape, they were painted in the ridged indentations that guided the brush. They were also designed to run underneath the handle, rather than into it. The upper globular portion contained areas suitable for applying decals, such as the Flower Shop design" (pages 105, 107).

Adams attributes the "immense appeal of the design" to "its dynamic combination of curved and straight lines, a theme that continued in the handles of the cups, teapot, and coffee pot. The plates continue the idea of banding with ridged indentations that run around the perimeter" (page 107).

About the same time as Triumph, Viktor began creating designs for Salem, another company owned by Frank A. Sebring. Victory was therefore "very similar to Triumph, but used vertical rather than horizontal ridges" and ring-shaped handles.

Above average condition for these wares. There are some crazing lines, two of which look almost like short hairlines across the upper rim of the pot. (A look inside does NOT show any such hairline, however, so this is just in the glaze.) Otherwise, no nicks, chips, hairlines, or repairs.

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