Circa 1860 Currier & Ives Lithograph of New York Bay, by Fannie F. Palmer. Frances Flora (Bond) Palmer (Fannie Palmer)(1812-1876) F.F.Palmer,Del entered accordingly to Act of Congress in the year 1860 by Currier and Ives in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York. The image area measures 13 1/4" X 9 3/4". The frame measures 16 3/8" X 13 1/4". Prospect view of New Jersey and the southern tip of Manhattan from Brooklyn (than called Bay Ridge,Long Island). In the foreground, a horse-drawn carriage moves down a winding road from a Gothic-revival house by the bay. A man picks fruit in the orchard. Castle Garden and Trinity Church are barely visable in distant Manhattan with a variety of ships active in New York Bay and the East River. A key in the lower margin identifies places shown in the bay and beyond, left to right: Bedlows Island, Communipaw, Gibbet Island,Jersey Ciy,Hoboken,Castle Garden,Governors Island,New York. Hand Colored, the foreground with lush green grass and trees, the water's blue and with a pink haze, and white clouds against the sky.
Frances Flora (Fanny) Palmer was a British-born American Lithographer and draftswoman. In her capacity as one of Currier & Ives principal artists, "It is likely that during the latter half of the 19th Century more picture by Mrs. Fanny Palmer decorated the homes of ordinary Americans than those of any other artist, dead or alive, "wrote Ewell L. Newman, a Currier and Ives Specialist. Palmer was taught drawing at a Girls' School in her native Leicester,England and later started a Lithography business in 1841 with her husband, Edmund S. Palmer; she as the artist and he the printer. They emigrated to New York in 1844. Edmund descended into chronic alcoholism, and Fanny became the family breadwinner. In 1851 she was hired by Currier & Ives, where she produced close to 200 prints for the renowned firm, mainly rural landscapes. Many were of New York and Long Island while others were pictures of places that she had never seen, working from photographs. Her works are in the collections of many American Museums including the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; The New York Historical Society and Brooklyn Museum of Art.
The Lithography firm of Currier and Ives was founded in 1834 by Nathaniel Currier as N. Currier,Lithographer and based in New York.
In 1852,he brought his brother-in-law, James Merritt Ives, into the business and renamed the firm Currier & Ives five years later. They were extremely prolific and highly successful, producing almost 7 different separately issued art prints through the 19TH. Century until 1907,aptly advertising themselves as "Print Makers to the American people." Their prints were issued in either small,medium and large folio though some particularly popular images were issued in more than one size. Dozens of American artists in the mid 19TH. Century painted primarily for lithographic reproduction by Currier & Ives and other firms. To please a broad audience the firm presented a warmly positive vision of America, frequently sentimental, and sometimes with a touch of humor. Currier & Ives prints generally portrayed the American Landscape, scenery and landmarks, including the wester expansion, as well as daily life in both urban and rural settings. Their sporting and maritime subjects were particularly popular. these prints are now highly collectible as records of American History, as fine works of American Art for their decorative appeal.