Modern Hagi Chawan By Miwa Kyusetsu X (Kyuwa) (1885-1981)
The rough white Hagi clay with fairly big enclosures is expertly thrown into half cylinder shape (hanzutsu); The light feldspatic hagi glaze turning to yellow beige; inside the foot ring stamped Kyusetsu.
Many of Miwa's chawan have a split cross footring called a warekodai that was favored by busho chajin (warrior tea men); it traces its origins to Korean chawan. This chawan has a rare warekodai with only one split.
Miwa Kyusetsu X was a member of the group around Rosansin an Arakawa, which revived the momoyama ceramic.
The Miwa family is one of the most important potting families in all of Japan. Their kiln was established in Kanbun 3 (1663) in the Matsumoto area of Hagi (in Yamaguchi Prefecture on the Sea of Japan coast) in order to produce tea utensils for Lord Mori Terumoto. The successive generations of Miwa potters have produced all sorts of works besides tea ware, including Raku ware (Kyusetsu I and IV studied in Kyoto), figurines of mythical creatures (Kyusetsu VI and VII), and vessels for the table.
In the 1930s, when there was a “Return to Momoyama” revival (the Way of Tea was crystallized in the Momoyama Period, 1573-1615), Miwa Kyuwa (Kyusetsu X) revitalized the Hagi tea world with his warm and sensuous chawan and other tea utensils.
For his achievement he was designated Juyo Mukei Bunkazai by the Japanese Government in 1970. 1967 he changed his artist name to Kyuwa.
Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art has a similar bowl dd. 1958 - please click www.search.artmuseums.go.jp/search_e/records.php?sakuhin=191
The bowl was exhibited from may 22 to september 2011 at the Keramion Museum in Frechen (Germany) and is published in a great art book called "Momoyama Keramik und ihr Einfluss auf die Gegenwart" (Momoyama ceramics and their influence until today) with a foreword of the Japanese ambassador in Germany. The chawan is published on page 79, catalogue no. 184, Frechen 2011, ISBN-978-3-94005-06-8.
The wooden box (Kiribako) is inscribed Hagi Chawan - judai Kyusetsu tsukuru and seal 'kyusetsu'. The box is fully handmade from low grade kiri-wood - typically for the early postwar period - I think its earlier than the MoMAT piece.
The wood box and a new edition of the book are part of the offer.
Size: Hight: 9.1 cm, Diameter: 12.2 cm.