Teapot stand. Provenance: China. Dating: Yongzheng period (1723-1732), c.1730. Teapot stand / pattipan or saucer dish, hexagonal ribbed spreading sides, lobed rim, on a flat unglazed base. Used as teapot or milk jug stand. Polychrome decorated in various overglaze enamels, black and gold. The central design consists of a European man resting against a tree smoking a pipe in the company of a child and two dogs. The central representation surrounded by flower scrolls on a gold/black ground. Around the inside rim a trellis pattern border. As early as 1728 the Dutch East India Company, (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC), "Dagh-registers" state that its ship "Coxhorn" that left Amsterdam in 1728 with destination China, returned to the Netherlands on June 13th 1730, fully loaded with tea and porcelain, among its cargo were, for instance, 810 tea pots, 251 pairs of small covered sugar-boxes and 600 pattipans. (source: T. Volker, The Japanese porcelain trade of the Dutch East India Company after 1683, Leiden 1959)
A pattipans was used to protect the surface of luxurious lacquer or painted tea tables, against the influence of a hot teapot or drops running from its spout. If, in certain circles, a special tea table was not at hand it served to protect the furniture or its valuable table-cloth from tea spots. (source: T. Volker, The Japanese porcelain trade of the Dutch East India Company after 1683, Leiden 1959). The Dutch word "pattipan" is most likely derived from the English word "pattypan" meaning a pastry mould for little pies or pastries. These "pattypans" were ver similar, in shape and size, to our "pattipannen". (source: J. de Kleyn, in ANTIEK, XXV-5, "Pattipannen en schuitjes bij de thee", December 1980). Dimensions: Height: 25 mm (0.98 inch), Length: 135 mm (5.31 inch), Width: 122 mm (4.80 inch). Condition: Four frtis to the rim and some loss/rubbing of enamels. References: J. de Kleyn, in ANTIEK, XXV-5, "Pattipannen en schuitjes bij de thee", December 1980, pp. 253-261.