Portrait of Alexandra Amalia, Princess of Bavaria by Joseph Karl Stieler – 1845
Joseph Karl Stieler (1781-1858) was a German painter who worked as a royal court painter of the Bavarian kings. He was one of the most important painters in the Neo-classical style and specialized in portraits of women. He attended the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna under the instruction of Heinrich Fügler. He then studied in Paris with Francois Gerard where he became influenced by Neoclassicism. He then visited Italy and was commissioned to paint portraits for various patrons, including Prince Eugene de Beauharnais and Joachim Murat, King of Naples. He then went to Munich in 1812 where he painted works for middle-class clients, the nobility, and the royal family od Bavaria and in 1820 was appointed court painter to Ludwig I, King of Bavaria (reg 1825-48) and painted several portraits of him. In 1823 he helped co-found the Kunstverein (Art Gallery) in Munich.
This painting is of Princess Alexandra Amalia of Bavaria, she was born in Schloss Johannisburg in Aschaffenburg. She was the eighth child and fifth daughter of King Ludwig I of Bavaria. He commissioned Joseph Karl to paint the painting of her while she was a girl. She dedicated her life to literature and wrote several stories, essays, and memoires throughout her life.