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This Ancient Egyptian Hand-Carved Globular (or Spherical) Alabaster Mace Head (c.3600- 3100 BCE) is made of solid alabaster, with a typical cylindrical center hole carved through the piece from top to bottom used for mounting the object onto a stick or pole, which such a stone piece would turn into the early and lethal battle "mace;" hand-carved into an overall round, globular form consistent with the mace heads made and used in Egypt during parts of the Pre-Dynastic Periods known as the 'Naqada I' and 'Naqada II' Period of the 4th Millennium BCE (Naqada I: 4000-3500 BCE; Naqada II: 3500-3200 BCE). Ancient Egyptian Mace Heads had rather distuingishable forms during different intervals of the thousand + years stretching from the start of Naqada I up to the Early Dynastic Period (3100- 2686 BCE). (1)
All carved from a variety of hard stones found in the area, from limestone to alabaster to granite, the shape of the mace head underwent several changes during the centuries that followed the first mace heads of the Naqada I Period, each time improving on the design to make a more lethal weapon for battle. The earliest mace heads which were made throughout much of Naqada I were of a "disk" shape, similar to a 'flying saucer' of sorts, at its thickest in the center and thinning towards the outer rim; after the disk-shape, the mace head developed into the more effective "globular" form, which is now most commonly associated with the Naqada II Period, although the change likely happened about a century before the start of Naqada II, in approx. 3600 BCE (this Late-Naqada I/Naqada II Globular Mace Head is shown in the example offered herein); and lastly, towards the end of the Naqada III, or "Protodynastic," Period (3200- 3000 BCE) and overlapping the first century of the Early Dynastic Period, during approximately 3100 to 3000 BCE, the globular shape was improved upon yet again and underwent the change in shape that brought about the first piriform mace heads, made famous in modern times by the "Narmer Mace Head" which was carved in approx 3000 BCE.
As such, we can pinpoint the time of construction of this mace head, which is being offered for sale, with some relative amount of accuracy to the period between approximately 3600 and 3100 BCE; beginning with the decline in the use of disk-shaped mace heads and the simultaneous appearance of the globular mace around 3600 BCE, and ending with the manufacture of the first piriform mace heads in the final century of the 4th millennium BCE. A mace head of this globular form is a rather special artifact because of the relatively short span of time in which it was used, therefore making it a far more rare variety of Egyptian mace head than those of the later piriform shape, the latter of which were produced for a longer and less distant time period as well as having been produced in greater numbers, all of which have made the later piriform mace head the far more common variety to be found extant today and being offered for sale on the public market. It is quite remarkable to be able to own and learn from an object such as this, made in Egypt over 2000 years before the reign of "King Tut" at the end of the much later Dynasty 18. Museum-Quality, no doubt.
TheZTE Always Strives To Offer The Finest Museum-Quality Authentic Art and Artifacts At The Best BELOW-MARKET PRICES Possible;
This Mace Head Is Listed $125 (16.67%) BELOW THE NEXT LOWEST PRICED EGYPTIAN MACE HEAD ANYWHERE ON TROCADERO...PLUS- IT IS A FULL 50% (OR $625!!!) BELOW THE PRICE OF THE ONE OTHER "ALABASTER MACE HEAD" ALSO GLOBULAR FORM, + FROM SAME PERIOD, THAT IS CURRENTLY LISTED- ALMOST IDENTICAL TO THE PIECE OFFERED HERE! (As Of July 25 2016)
Diameter: 2.7" (6.8 cm)
Condition: Excellent; Some surface wear as expected but free from any structural breaks, repairs, or alteration of any kind.
Provenance: From a Private Los Angeles Collection. Acquired Legally and Legal to Own.
Reference: (1) Shaw, Ian, ed. (February 19, 2004). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. ISBN-10: 0192804588
Cf. #1. Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund. Disk-Shaped Mace Head, ca. 4000-3400 B.C.E. Porphyry, 15/16 x 3 9/16 in. (2.4 x 9.1 cm), 07.447.873.
#2. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Piriform Mace Head, Egyptian, ca. 2960-2770 BCE or earlier. Egyptian alabaster or limestone. (H x D) 7 x 6 cm (2 3/4" x 2 3/8"), 98.1020.
#3. CHRISTIE'S, New York, Sale 2605 ANTIQUITIES (5 December 2012); Lot 102: TWO EGYPTIAN STONE MACE HEADS, Circa 3200 BC, Spherical in Form, H 2 3/4" (7cm) (Larger); Price Realized: $2,500.
#4. CHRISTIE'S, New York, Sale 3403 ANTIQUITIES (11 December 2014); Lot 23: AN EGYPTIAN BRECCIATED LIMESTONE MACE HEAD, Circa 3200 BC, Spherical in Form, H: 2 1/8 in. (5.3 cm.); Price Realized: $3,000.
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