H 1 5/8” at highest point (4.2 cm); W at widest point 3 7/8” (9.8 cm).
Minimal fritting at rim, one repair at rim (see photos).
Painted area: ca. 52 x 13.5 in. (132 x 34.5 cm). Total length ca. 77 inches (195 cm).
Few light stains and tiny spots, some foxing in mounting, otherwise very good condition.
Each scroll: height 10.8 inches (27.4 cm), length 155.5 inches (395 cm).
Few restored worm holes, some traces of usage, slightly rubbed areas, mainly in the gofun, two spotty spots in scroll A, basically in very good condition. Mounting fairly recent and in excellent condition.
The six realms of reincarnation are from bottom to top hell, the realm of the hungry ghosts, realm of the animals, Asura, realm of the humans and the realm of the devas. The ultimate escape is enlightenment, which makes one being reborn into the Western Paradise.
Comes with the original wooden box.
Painted areas: ca. 52.9 x 19.5 inches (134.4 x 49.5 cm); total length ca. 89.5 inches (227.3 cm)
Bijin painting with brown spots on lower part, bleeding onto the back. Upper roller of oni painting warped, sporadic brown spot on front, some spots on upper part of back.
Suzuki Kason was a nihonga painter from Edo, studying different types of painting, including ukiyoe style. At the first Bunten Exhibition (a juried art salon, established by the Ministry of Education to stimulate the traditional arts in Japan) in 1907 he received a prize and at the third Bunten Exhibition (1909) he received an honorable mention. He was member of the Imperial Fine Arts Academy. He is above all a fine painter of birds and flowers and landscapes. Woodblock prints with birds by Kason are well known. One of his better known pupils was Ohara Shoson/Koson, who was famous for his paintings and prints of animals, especially birds.
Painted area: ca. 34.7 x 15.95 inches (93.1 x 40.4 cm); total length 65.2 inches (165.5 cm)
Scratch through upper part, few horizontal dull creases (backed with strips), basically good condition. Mounting with some damage.
On the back is a printed list of the names of the people depicted (six old priests flanked by the names of two civilians, middle old priests, nine old priests, followed by the names of many civilians), dating the donation to Tempo 8, year of the rooster, 1837. The mounting embroidered with different, repeated motives, the family crest repeated in gold brocade.
Painted area: ca. 15.8 x 9.6 inches (40.3 x 24.5 cm); total height ca. 47.8 inches (121.5 cm).
Browned, some rubbed areas, some horizontal creases, mounting with damages, otherwise good stable condition.
The very same family crest was found on a Nichiren shrine, listed under Trocadero number 492282, or our stock number 10403.
Height with base ca. 13.75 inches (ca. 35 cm).
Good condition. Slight crumbling of the red lacquer and the gold here and there in the garment.
Painted area: ca. 22.5 x 46 inches (ca. 57 x 118 cm). Mounting: ca. 66.4 x 50.6 inches (ca. 168.7 x 128.5 cm).
Several tears in the silk, but overall condition is excellent and colors are very vivid.
Hirasawa Byozan (1822-1876) moved from his native Osaka to Hakodata between 1844 and 1847, painting ema (votive images) for a living. He regularly visited the Tokachi and Horoizumi regions where he lived and associated with the Ainu. Tokachi and Horoizumi were trading posts under control of the Sugiura family. After spending time there, he would go back home to Hakodate and paint the scenes that he had witnessed. Being a heavy drinker, he would spend his earned money on alcohol and food. He died in poverty at the age of 54/55.
As of 1855 the Tokugawa shogunate directly controlled Ezo. The situation depicted must have taken place between 1855 and 1868. Byozan has made several of these paintings with only minor variations, as he did with virtually all his subjects. Often he neither signed, nor dated his work. A signed and dated painting by Byozan is rather rare.
Recommended literature: The Seasons and Life of the Ainu; Tokachi Ainu and the Painter Byozan Hirasawa, exhibition catalogue of the Hokkaido Obihiro Museum of Art, July 2-28, 1999.
Height 11.5 in., width 11.8 in. (29.2 x 30.2 cm).
Slightly warped at places, beautiful green and brown patina with spots of corrosion, all in all good condition.
7.25 x 5.5 x 1.3 inches (18.3 x 14 x 3.5 cm).
Surface strongly rubbed, some corrosion, basically excellent condition.
Step-on pictures, or fumi-e, or ebumi, were images of the Virgin Mary or of Jesus that Japanese authorities used to make people suspected to be Christians to step upon. This practice was executed during the Tokugawa regime, in an effort to ban Christianity from the country. By 1629 this practice was generally spread throughout Japan and it was only abandoned completely at the beginning of the Meiji period. All kinds of media were used to make images: wood, stone, prints and bronze.
In 1669 the bronze founder Hagiwara Yoshiysuke was ordered to cast 20 fumie with prescribed images (5 pieces with ecce homo, 5 pieces with Christ on the cross, 5 with the pieta and 5 with the saint Rosario). A piece with the image of the pieta is in the Gakushuin Museum of History in Tokyo.
Height, incl. mandorla: ca. 12.3 inches (31.5 cm).
Few cracks along the seams of the sculpture; some loss of pigments; some retouches, esp. in the gold; flames with several restored areas, but with the original pieces. Sword may be a later replacement.
Painted area: 44 x 16.5 inches (111.7 x 42 cm). Total length: 78.6 inches (199.7 cm).
Painted area: 31.2 x13.25 inches (79.2 x 33.6 cm). Total length: 66.2 inches (168.1 cm).
Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849)
On the scroll end a sticker with a red cross and the number 43 has been stuck, which refers to the Red Cross exhibition of Japanese Art & Handicraft in 1915, painting section, catalogue no. 43 (p. 18) which describes the piece as follows: Kakemono on silk in colours, Gentoku crossing the Dankei river to escape his pursuers, signed Zen Hokusai Tamekazu. Dr. J. Hutchinson.
The box label indicates another private collections, which so far could not be identified.
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Painted area: 21.4 x 12.75 inches (54.3 x 32.2 cm). Total length: 56.25 inches (142.9 cm).
Several restored damages, consistent with its age.
Painted area: 50.5 x 23.5 inches (128.2 x 59.7 cm). Total length: 86.3 inches (219.2 cm).
Several restored areas, as to be expected with a piece this age.