A group of 4 Neanderthal backed blades. Three are jasper, one is flint (blade with white patina). Heights between 2 3/4" and 2 7/8". All legal site finds, Marbach, Germany. A few minor chips on the blades to the left and right. Blades in the center are in excellent, undamaged condition. Backed blades refer to blades (the business edge of a "blade" being less rough than scrapers) that have a wider opposing edge to the blade, thus allowing for a stronger and more stable grip...
A large Neanderthal cleaver from Fontmaure, France. Jasper, height 3 5/8". Legal surface find with variegated ground patina. One small chip has been reglued, otherwise excellent condition. Nice and very solid cleaver with good ergonomics and a very well flaked and defined, almost denticulate, cleaver edge. The ergonomics allow for use as a cleaver on the long side or the distal end. The reglued piece is a small area of cortex about midway up one face. Dates to 80,000-50,000 BCE.
c. 58/9 CE
Obverse: NER WNO C in wreath tied at the bottom with a X.
Reverse: Palm branch surrounded by KAICAPOC and date LE.
In fine condition.
Weight: 2.44g; Diameter: 16.5 mm
Olive wood box, worldwide shipping and Certificate of Authenticity included.
Ships from the United States.
Porcius Festus succeeded Antonius Felix as procurator of Judea under the Roman Emperor Nero.
A large Neanderthal knife on a levallois flake. Flint, excellent condition, height 4 1/2". This was an auction purchase from an old collection in Lower Normandy, France. Most of the material was collected in the Calvados Region. Solid, hefty multi-tool with a variety of retouches and denticulate edges on the entire blade except the proximal end. Dates to 60,000-40,000 BCE.
A group of five Neolithic tools from the Ertebolle-Ellerbek or Kitchen Midden Culture, Mesolithic Denmark. Flint, all in excellent condition with fine, varied ground patinas. Lengths between 2 1/2" and 3 1/8". Auction purchase. This group includes three multi-tool blades with notches on flakes and two burins. Date to between 5300-3900 BCE.
Large, impressive lower to mid Paleolithic Acheulean axe. Flint, height 6". Vienne, France. Legal surface find. Missing 2 large chips on the verso at the proximal end. The flattened distal end may be use damage as the surface is patinated equal to the rest of the axe, or it may have been originally made or altered in this fashion to use as a crusher. Beautifully formed and sculptural piece with a gorgeous, luminous patina. Very sophisticated ergonomic design...
Stunning group of 4 diverse Neanderthal blades. Jasper, heights between 2 3/4" and 3 5/8". Fontmaure, France, auction purchase. All in excellent condition. Group of very well crafted Neanderthal blades on stunning pieces of the famous Fontmaure jasper. Far left and far right blade are top examples of Neanderthal naturally backed blades. Date to approximately 80,000-50,000 BCE.
A Mode 1 pebble tool, probably used as both a chopper and a burin-like crusher. Flint, height 3 5/8". Excellent condition with fine ground patina. Legal find, Kimbridge Pit, Romsey, Hampshire, England. Homo Heidelbergensis. Dates to 450,000-350,000 BCE.
A group of 4 Neolithic flint cores recovered from a mortar practice range in Lackford, Burg St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England. Heights between 1 1/2"- 2 1/2". Legal finds, and surprisingly in excellent condition with no damage. All four are lovely, sculptural pieces made from a rich grey flint. Third from the left would be considered a pyramidal core. Approximately dating to 4500-2500 BCE.
Lower Paleolithic, probably Heidelberg Man, proto-axe on a pebble. Flint, in excellent condition, height 4 1/8". Legal find from Reculver Cliffs, Kent, UK. A very old, simple hard-hammer percussion proto-axe. The pebble itself is almost entirely intact with the removal of a few flakes to give a chopping edge. In my opinion the missing flake on the right side of the lithic (picture to the left in the image) is later damage. Otherwise intact with a sea-tossed soft patina...
Two Neanderthal discoid scrapers from Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights 2 1/4" and 2 1/2". Excellent condition, legal surface finds with fine, glossy ground patina. The smaller of the two is on a flake, and has fine, expertly done flaking around most of the edge, with a small portion of the striking platform left at the proximal edge for stable ergonomic support. The larger scraper is bifacially worked with great ergonomic design. This may be a scraper on a reworked core...
A lovely Neanderthal scraper on a flake. Flint, height 3 1/8". Excellent condition with a beautiful, well worn sea patina. This was an auction purchase, with no collection history. Given the color of the flint, the typology and the specific type of patination I believe this lithic is from Reculver Cliffs area, Kent, England. Boldly and simply executed with a few master retouches, the scraper also exhibits excellent ergonomics. Dates to approximately 120,000-60,000 BCE.
A group of three Neanderthal blades/multi-tools on levallois flakes. All three are jasper, in excellent condition with glossy ground patinas, from Fontmaure, France. Heights between 2 1/2" and 2 3/4". Legal surface finds. The tool to the left is a single edge straight scraper, very well defined, with a truncation at the distal end. The other two lithics are complex multi-tools which take advantage of the entire edge of each flake, giving a variety of scraper edges, notches, and burin tips...
A set of 4 eccentric Neanderthal multi-tools. Jasper, heights between 2 1/2" and 3 1/4". Fontmaure, France, legal surface finds. Overall good condition, a few very minor chips. Interesting and varied group of larger multi-tools on thick Levallois flakes. Each lithic has a variety of well defined tool edges, notches and/or burins. Nice patinas and lovely examples of Fontmaure jasper. Dating to approximately 80,000-50,000 BCE.
3 fine Neanderthal tools, one a blade with a burin and 2 multi-tools with various scraper edges. Fontmaure, France, jasper, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 3/8". Legal surface finds, all in excellent condition. Lovely patina on these 3. Approximately dating to 50,000 BCE.
Beautifully colored Neanderthal backed blade. Surface find, Marbach, Germany. Chert, height 2 5/8". One small chip visible on the blade edge. Dating to approximately 50,000 BCE.
A nice group of five complex Neanderthal multi-tools from Fontmaure, France. All jasper, all in excellent condition with various glossy to semi-glossy ground patinas. Heights between 1 5/8" and 2 1/8". All legal surface finds. A wide variety of scraper edges, notches, and burins are exhibited in this group. Fine ergonomics and excellent conceptual designs fit together perfectly in these lithics. Date to 80,000-50,000 BCE.
Small, exquisite Neanderthal multi-tool from Marbach, Germany. Chert, Height 2 1/16". Excellent condition, legal excavation find. A real technical and conceptual masterpiece of Neanderthal tool making. With the burin and large notch there are also 2 worked blade edges and another smaller notch on the proximal end. Dates to 80,000-50,000 BCE.